Biological Sciences (BIOS)

Courses

BIOS 100. Biology of Cells and Organisms. 5 hours.

Processes of cellular and organismic function: cell structure, respiration, photosynthesis, molecular genetics and development, structure and physiology of plants and animals. Lecture, laboratory, and discussion. Course Information: THIS COURSE IS INTENDED FOR SCIENCE MAJORS. Animals used in instruction. BIOS 100 and BIOS 101 may be taken in any order. Credit is not given for BIOS 104 if the student has credit in BIOS 100 or BIOS 101. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Laboratory-Discussion and one Lecture. Natural World - With Lab course.

BIOS 101. Biology of Populations and Communities. 5 hours.

Species concepts, natural selection, phylogeny, models of population growth, transmission genetics, gene frequency, adaptation, interactions among species in a community, biomes and climate, ecosystem processes, and human impacts on the environment. Course Information: Animals used in instruction. This course is intended for science majors. BIOS 100 and BIOS 101 may be taken in any order. Credit is not given for BIOS 104 if the student has credit in BIOS 100 or BIOS 101. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Laboratory-Discussion and one Lecture. Natural World - With Lab course.

BIOS 104. Biology for Non-majors. 4 hours.

Origin and diversity of life; genetics, evolution, ecology and ecosystems; energy flow; photosynthesis; human anatomy and physiology; development of biological ideas; and biology, biotechnology and human society. Course Information: Credit is not given for BIOS 104 if the student has credit in BIOS 100 or BIOS 101. Animals may be used in instruction. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Laboratory-Discussion and one Lecture. Natural World - With Lab course.

BIOS 184. The Basics of Neuroscience. 1 hour.

Introduction to the scientific study of the brain and behavior. Overview of neuroscience as an integrative discipline. Course Information: Same as PHIL 184 and PSCH 184. Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory grading only.

BIOS 196. Biology Colloquium. 2 hours.

Combines in-class seminars with off-campus day and weekend field trips, with the goal of introducing students to different areas of the Biological Sciences, and alternate career options.Course Information: May be repeated up to 1 time(s). Field trips required at a nominal fee. Prerequisite(s): Major in biological sciences, biochemistry, or neuroscience.

BIOS 199. Introduction to Research. 1 hour.

An introduction to research for students interested in becoming biology majors. Credit is contingent on approval by the research supervisor of a written report that is also submitted to the Biology colloquium faculty adviser. Course Information: 1 hour. Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory grading only. May be repeated. Prerequisite(s): Approval of the department. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Conference and one Laboratory.

BIOS 220. Mendelian and Molecular Genetics. 3 hours.

Principles of heredity and variation in phage, bacteria, fungi, plants, and animals. Basic molecular genetics, gene regulation, recombination, DNA replication, transcription, translation. Lecture and discussion. Course Information: No credit may be applied toward the biological sciences major unless credit is also obtained for BIOS 221. Prerequisite(s): BIOS 100 and BIOS 101; and Credit or concurrent registration in CHEM 124 and CHEM 125 or Credit or concurrent registration in CHEM 118. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Lecture-Discussion and one Lecture.

BIOS 221. Genetics Laboratory. 3 hours.

Experiments and demonstrations of classical and molecular genetics using material from Drosophila, corn, rodents, bacteria, fungi, and viruses. Course Information: Animals used in instruction. Prerequisite(s): Credit or concurrent registration in BIOS 220.

BIOS 222. Cell Biology. 3 hours.

Rationale of experiments that led to the current understanding of organelle biogenesis, cell transport, cell signaling, and the relation of cell structure to cell function. Lecture. Course Information: Prerequisite(s): BIOS 100.

BIOS 223. Cell Biology Laboratory. 2 hours.

Laboratory experience with modern methods in molecular biology and exploration of current research in cell biology. Course Information: Prerequisite(s): Credit or concurrent registration in BIOS 222.

BIOS 230. Ecology and Evolution. 3 hours.

Concepts and models of population growth, species interactions, community ecology, and energy and nutrient flow in ecosystems. Genetic basis of evolutionary change through adaptation, natural selection, and other mechanisms. Course Information: Prerequisite(s): BIOS 101.

BIOS 236. Animal Behavior. 3 hours.

Examine the proximate and ultimate causes of animal behavior; neural and hormonal mechanisms; diversity of behavior and their relationship to an organism's ecology and evolution. Course Information: Prerequisite(s): BIOS 101.

BIOS 237. The Human Skeleton. 4 hours.

Examination of the human skeleton, emphasizing bone identification and functional anatomy. Course Information: Same as ANTH 237. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Laboratory and one Lecture.

BIOS 240. Principles of Animal Physiology. 3 hours.

Introduction to fundamental concepts and systems in animal physiology. Students will gain a deep mechanistic understanding of how the human body functions via the use of examples from multiple animal species. Course Information: Prerequisite(s): BIOS 100 and BIOS 101. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Lecture-Discussion and one Discussion.

BIOS 272. Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy and Physiology. 5 hours.

Morphology, function, and evolution of vertebrate organ systems. Course Information: Animals used in instruction. Prerequisite(s): BIOS 100 and BIOS 101 or the equivalent. Recommended background: Junior standing. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Laboratory and one Lecture.

BIOS 286. The Biology of the Brain. 3 hours.

Survey of basic neurobiology. Brain structure, chemistry, development and control of behavior (sensation, movement, emotions, memory, cognition, sex). Course Information: Prerequisite(s): BIOS 100.

BIOS 294. Special Topics in Biological Sciences. 1-5 hours.

Selected topics in the Biological Sciences. Course Information: May be repeated. Students may register for more than one section per term.

BIOS 296. Directed Instruction. 2 hours.

Leadership opportunity for upper-division students who wish to assist with the biology colloquium.Course Information: May be repeated to a maximum of 4 hours. Field trips required at a nominal fee. Students will be required to submit a final report describing their leadership activities and experiences. Prerequisite(s): BIOS 196 and approval of the department. To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Lecture-Discusssion and one Practice.

BIOS 299. Honors Biology. 1 hour.

An additional hour of related work for students registered in another course in Biological Sciences. Course Information: May be repeated. Prerequisite(s): Membership in Honors College, or, for superior students, approval of the department; and registration in a Biological Sciences course (except BIOS 391 or BIOS 399) and consent of the instructor. Open only to freshmen, sophomores, and juniors. Honors course.

BIOS 320. Developmental Biology. 3 hours.

Principles governing growth and differentiation from the molecular to the organismic level. Course Information: Prerequisite(s): BIOS 220.

BIOS 321. Developmental Biology Laboratory. 3 hours.

Laboratory problems in developmental biology. Course Information: Animals used in instruction. Prerequisite(s): Credit or concurrent registration in BIOS 320.

BIOS 322. Advanced Cell Biology. 3 hours.

Advanced topics in eukaryotic cell biology, with special emphases on structure-function analyses of the nuclear pore, chromosomes, and transcriptional regulation. Course Information: Extensive computer use required. May not be taken concurrently with BIOS 222. Prerequisite(s): BIOS 220 and BIOS 221 and BIOS 222; and CHEM 232 and CHEM 233.

BIOS 323. Molecular Biology Laboratory. 3 hours.

Modern molecular biology techniques used in the isolation and functional analysis of genes. Bioinformatics, gene cloning, gene fusions and expression assays will be used in the analysis of the gene isolation and analysis. Course Information: Prerequisite(s): BIOS 220.

BIOS 325. Vertebrate Embryology. 5 hours.

Study of the anatomical changes occurring during vertebrate development and their underlying control mechanisms. A comparative approach is taken, examining the similarities and differences in embryonic development between amphibians, birds and mammals. Course Information: Prerequisite(s): BIOS 220. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Laboratory and one Lecture.

BIOS 331. General Ecology Laboratory. 3 hours.

Field and laboratory data collection for hypothesis testing; required field trips to representative plant communities. Course Information: Animals used in instruction. Required field trips on Saturdays. Prerequesite(s): BIOS 101. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Laboratory and one Practice.

BIOS 335. History of Life. 3 hours.

A macroevolutionary perspective on documenting patterns of evolutionary change and understanding interactions between speciation and extinction in creating patterns of morphologic and taxonomic diversity. Course Information: Prerequisite(s): BIOS 100 and BIOS 101.

BIOS 336. Animal Behavior Laboratory. 3 hours.

Field and laboratory data collection for hypothesis testing in animal behavior. Course Information: Animals used in instruction. Field trip required at a nominal fee. Field work required. Prerequisite(s): BIOS 236.

BIOS 350. General Microbiology. 3 hours.

Ultrastructure, genetics, molecular biology, physiology and metabolism of microorganisms; role of microorganisms in food, water, agriculture, biotechnology, infectious diseases, and immunobiology. Course Information: Prerequisite(s): BIOS 100; and credit or concurrent registration in CHEM 130 or CHEM 232. Recommended background: BIOS 101.

BIOS 351. Microbiology Laboratory. 2 hours.

Laboratory experience with pure cultures and sterile techniques; methods of identification of unknown microorganisms; experiments demonstrating principles of microbial genetics, transformation, antibiotic sensitivity and resistance. Course Information: Prerequisite(s): Credit or concurrent registration in BIOS 350.

BIOS 352. Introductory Biochemistry. 3 hours.

Structure and function of cellular constituents; enzymology; metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids, amino acids, nucleotides; molecular biology of biosynthesis of proteins and nucleic acids. Course Information: Same as CHEM 352. No credit toward the biological sciences major for students completing BIOS 452 and/or BIOS 454. No credit toward the degree in biochemistry. Prerequisite(s): BIOS 100 and CHEM 232.

BIOS 360. Introduction to Paleontology. 4 hours.

The morphology, ecology, and relationships of fossil organisms. Basic principles of paleontology, including evolution, paleoecology and functional morphology. Course Information: Same as EAES 360. Field trip required at a nominal fee. One day field trip to collect fossils. Prerequisite(s): EAES 101 or EAES 111; or BIOS 100 and BIOS 101. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Laboratory and one Lecture.

BIOS 386. Seminar on Neurobiology. 2 hours.

Reading and discussion of both classic and recent research papers that are important in neurobiology. Course Information: Prerequisite(s): BIOS 286 or PSCH 262.

BIOS 391. Independent Study. 1 hour.

Individual study not covered in standard courses under close supervision of a faculty member. Credit is contingent on approval by research supervisor of a written report that is submitted to the department. Course Information: Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory grading only. May be repeated. Students may register in more than one section per term. A maximum of 5 hours of BIOS 391 and/or BIOS 399 may be credited toward the department undergraduate major requirements. Prerequisite(s): Minimum of 2.00 grade point average in biological sciences courses and consent of the instructor. Class Schedule Information: This course counts toward the limited number of independent study hours accepted toward the degree and the major.

BIOS 398. Research Methods Workshop in Biological Sciences. 1 hour.

A workshop on modern research strategies and practices in biological sciences. Course Information: Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory grading only. May not be repeated. Prerequisite(s): Credit or concurrent registration in BIOS 399.

BIOS 399. Independent Research. 2 hours.

Individual research. Credit is contingent on approval by the research supervisor of a written report that is submitted to the department. Course Information: Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory grading only. May be repeated. Students may register in more than one section per term. A maximum of 5 hours of BIOS 391 and/or BIOS 399 may be credited toward the department undergraduate major requirements. Prerequisite(s): Minimum of 2.00 grade point average in biological sciences courses, approval of the department, and consent of the instructor. Recommended background: Junior standing. Class Schedule Information: This course counts toward the limited number of independent study hours accepted toward the degree and the major.

BIOS 416. Natural Products. 3 or 4 hours.

Biogenetic approach to secondary metabolites. General principles and selected studies of phenolic compounds, terpenes, alkaloids, and other interesting natural products. Course Information: Same as CHEM 456. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): One year of organic chemistry.

BIOS 430. Evolution. 4 hours.

Mechanisms of genetic and phenotypic stability and change in populations and species; modes of speciation and macroevolution; trends in evolution. Lecture and discussion. Course Information: Prerequisite(s): BIOS 220. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Discussion/Recitation and one Lecture.

BIOS 431. Plant and Animal Interactions. 3 hours.

Ecology of plant and animal interactions. In-depth reading and discussion of primary literature on herbivory and plant defense and pollination, seed dispersal and protection mutualisms. Course Information: Prerequisite(s): BIOS 230.

BIOS 435. Plant Evolution. 3 hours.

Examines the history of plant life in a rigorous survey of plant genetics, factors that influence diversity of form and function, the astonishing diversity of plant sexual systems, and conservation. Course Information: Prerequisite(s): BIOS 230.

BIOS 437. Topics in Tropical Ecology. 3 hours.

Introduction to the character of tropical ecosystems. In-depth reading and discussion of one or more current topics. Course Information: Prerequisite(s): BIOS 230.

BIOS 443. Advanced Mammalian Physiology. 4 hours.

Discussion and laboratory exploration of mammalian (especially human) physiological systems, including endocrine, cardiac, vascular, nervous, pulmonary, renal, and digestive systems, as well as how these systems work together. Course Information: Animals used in instruction. Prerequisite(s): BIOS 240; or credit or concurrent registration in KN 252 or KN 254. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Laboratory-Discussion and one Lecture.

BIOS 450. Advanced Microbiology. 3 hours.

Comprehensive analysis of metabolic, ecological, genomic, and functional diversity among the major groups of microorganisms. Relationship between microbial diversity and biogeochemistry in the environment, human/animal hosts, and engineered systems. Course Information: Prerequisite(s): BIOS 350. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Lecture and one Discussion.

BIOS 452. Biochemistry I. 4 hours.

Chemistry of proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates and lipids. Course Information: Same as CHEM 452. Prerequisite(s): Credit or concurrent registration in CHEM 234. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Discussion/Recitation and one Lecture.

BIOS 454. Biochemistry II. 4 hours.

Continues Biological Sciences 452. Carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, electron transport. Metabolism of amino acids, nucleic acids, proteins. Biosynthesis of macromolecules and regulation of macromolecular synthesis. Course Information: Same as CHEM 454. Prerequisite(s): BIOS 452 or CHEM 452. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Discussion/Recitation and one Lecture.

BIOS 458. Biotechnology and Drug Discovery. 3 or 4 hours.

Molecular and gene therapy, using small molecules including antisense, aptamers, and proteins. Structure-based drug design. Structural bioinformatics and drug discovery program. High-throughput screening. Combinatorial chemistry technology. Course Information: Same as CHEM 458. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): BIOS 352 or CHEM 352; or Credit or concurrent registration in BIOS 452 or Credit or concurrent registration in CHEM 452; or consent of the instructor.

BIOS 466. Principles of Paleontology. 3 hours.

Theory and methods of evolutionary paleobiology; includes paleoecology, functional morphology, and major features of organic evolution. Course Information: Same as EAES 466. Prerequisite(s): EAES 360 or consent of the instructor. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Laboratory-Discussion and one Lecture.

BIOS 473. Soils and the Environment. 4 hours.

Soil science, emphasizing local soils and parent materials, soil classification and mapping, soil physics, soil gases and greenhouse gas emissions, soil chemistry and biogeochemistry, soil-plant interactions, and soil invertebrates. Course Information: Same as EAES 473. Field work required. Recommended background: Introductory courses in Chemistry and Biology are recommended. Coursework in EAES (such as EAES 101 and/or 111) is preferred.

BIOS 475. Neural Engineering I: Introduction to Hybrid Neural Systems. 3 or 4 hours.

Modeling and design of functional neural interfaces for in vivo and in vitro applications, electrodes and molecular coatings, neural prostheses and biopotential control of robotics. Course Information: Same as BIOE 475. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): BIOE 472; or consent of the instructor.

BIOS 482. Molecular and Developmental Neurobiology Laboratory. 3 hours.

A hands-on laboratory course designed to explore the most recent neurotechniques and how they are being used to advance knowledge of the brain. Model organism use will be restricted to small invertebrates (C. elegans). Course Information: Prerequisite(s): BIOS 286; or PSCH 262.

BIOS 483. Neuroanatomy. 4 hours.

Organization of the nervous system, with an emphasis on mammals. Course Information: Same as PSCH 483 and NEUS 483. Animals used in instruction. Prerequisite(s): BIOS 272 or BIOS 286 or BIOS 325 or PSCH 262; or consent of the instructor. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Laboratory and one Lecture.

BIOS 484. Neuroscience I. 3 hours.

Neuroscience as an integrative discipline. Neuroanatomy of vertebrates, neural development, cellular neurobiology, action potential mechanisms, synaptic transmission and neuropharmacology. Course Information: Same as PHIL 484 and PSCH 484. Prerequisite(s): BIOS 286 or PSCH 262.

BIOS 485. Neuroscience II. 3 hours.

Intergrative neuroscience, including sensory and motor systems; learning, memory, and language; pathology of nervous systems; philosophical perspectives, and modeling. Course Information: Same as PHIL 485 and PSCH 485. Prerequisite(s): BIOS 286 or PSCH 262.

BIOS 486. Animal Behavior and Neuroethology. 4 hours.

Neural and behavioral mechanisms of environmental information processing and interaction throughout the animal kingdom; emphasis on invertebrate and lower vertebrates. Laboratory emphasizing individual research projects with a final report, and occasional field trips required. Course Information: Animals used in instruction. Prerequisite(s): One advanced course in zoology and animal physiology. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Laboratory and one Lecture.

BIOS 489. Cellular Neurobiology Laboratory. 3 hours.

Recording from and analyzing the activity of nerve cells, neuronal networks, and other electrically excitable tissues. Course Information: Prerequisite(s): BIOS 286 or the equivalent.

BIOS 490. Topics in Ecology and Evolution. 3-4 hours.

In-depth analysis of advanced topics in ecology and evolution, involving reading primary literature, term paper, student presentations and critical discussion. Credit varies according to topic offered. Course Information: May be repeated. Students may register in more than one section per term. Prerequisite(s): Graduate standing or consent of the instructor.