Department of Anthropology

Anthropology is the study of human culture, society, and biology across time and space. Through three fields of inquiry—sociocultural anthropology, biological anthropology, and archaeology—UIC anthropology provides a holistic approach to understanding human cultures and societies from prehistory to the present.  By providing contemporary perspectives on culture and society,  it prepares students to understand the complex problems and challenges posed by a globalized society and economy. Through explorations of the complex relationship between culture and biology, biological anthropology prepares students to think about how cultural understandings, social experiences and positions, and health are intertwined.  Archaeology extends these understandings into the past, excavating the deep relationship between human history, prehistory, and the present. The expertise of the faculty affords students the opportunity to pursue interests in most of the major time periods and geographic areas of the world.

An undergraduate education in anthropology provides valuable preparation for many careers that involve working with individuals of diverse national or ethnic backgrounds. Undergraduate majors have found careers in global public health, healthcare services, social case work, cultural resource management, museum education, public housing, employment and personnel counseling, public office, the Peace Corps, field archaeology, import businesses, market research, the Foreign Service, and social and environmental planning. Anthropology majors are also well positioned to continue their education, not only to be career anthropologists, but to enter professions such as computer programming, law, medicine, business, urban planning, nonprofit management, and public administration.

Distinction in Anthropology

To be considered for distinction, a candidate must have a 3.00/4.00 cumulative GPA and meet all the requirements for a major in Anthropology, plus the following:

  • 3.50/4.00 GPA in the major for Distinction
  • 3.75/4.00 GPA in the major for High Distinction
  • 3.75/4.00 GPA in the major and satisfactorily complete a thesis in ANTH 390. This course involves the preparation of an honors research paper, under the supervision of a faculty member of the student’s choosing, and its acceptance by a three-member honors committee especially constituted for this purpose.

Anthropology Courses

ANTH 100. The Human Adventure. 3 hours.

A survey of approaches to the study of the origins and the cultural and biological development of humankind. Course Information: No credit toward the major if student has credit in other anthropology courses. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Discussion/Recitation and one Lecture. Individual and Society course, and Past course.

ANTH 101. World Cultures: Introduction to Social Anthropology. 3 hours.

Concepts and methods in the study of world cultures from a comparative anthropological perspective, emphasizing selected non-U.S. societies, cultures, and ethnographic regions. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Discussion/Recitation and one Lecture. Individual and Society course, and World Cultures course.

ANTH 102. Introduction to Archaeology. 4 hours.

This course surveys world prehistory and introduces students to the theories and methods archaeologists use to understand the past. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Laboratory and one Lecture. Natural World - With Lab course, and Past course.

ANTH 105. Human Evolution. 4 hours.

Human evolution and variability; methods of assessing fossil evidence for evolutionary change; principles of biological adaptation. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Laboratory and one Lecture. Natural World - With Lab course, and Past course.

ANTH 200. Anthropological Theory. 3 hours.

Theoretical approaches to the study of culture and society in anthropology. Course Information: Prerequisite(s): ANTH 101 or consent of the instructor.

ANTH 214. Sex and Gender in World Cultures. 3 hours.

Comparative study of sex roles, gender identity, and male-female relationships, emphasizing biological, ecological, ideological and symbolic factors associated with cross-cultural variability. Course Information: Same as GWS 214. Prerequisite(s): 3 hours of social sciences or consent of the instructor. Individual and Society course, and World Cultures course.

ANTH 215. Anthropology of Religion. 3 hours.

Exploration of varieties of religious experience, including magic and witchcraft, with emphasis on non-Western religions and the role of religious institutions in social integration. Course Information: Same as RELS 215. Prerequisite(s): ENGL 161. Individual and Society course, and World Cultures course.

ANTH 216. Medicine, Culture, and Society. 3 hours.

Medical anthropology is the study of human health and illness across culture, time, and location. The cultural, political and moral components of disease, illness, suffering, health, and well-being will be discussed. Course Information: Prerequisite(s): ANTH 101; or consent of the instructor. Individual and Society course, and World Cultures course.

ANTH 217. Special Topics in Cultural Anthropology. 3 hours.

Covers special topics in cultural anthropology. Course Information: May be repeated. Students may register for more than one section per term. Prerequisite(s): ANTH 101; or consent of the instructor.

ANTH 218. Anthropology of Children and Childhood. 3 hours.

Examines childhood, a uniquely human life stage, both across cultures and from a biosocial perspective that includes both physical and social development. Course Information: Prerequisite(s): ANTH 101 and ANTH 105; or consent of the instructor. Individual and Society course.

ANTH 219. Anthropology of Globalization. 3 hours.

Explores capitalism as a culture, its origins, and the problems of consumer culture in the U.S. and the world. Course Information: Prerequisite(s): ANTH 101; or consent of the instructor. US Society course, and World Cultures course.

ANTH 220. Method and Theory in Archaeology. 3 hours.

Introduction to techniques and methods in archaeology, archaeological reasoning, research design, and methods of analysis. Archaeological methods for the analysis of prehistoric technology, economy, social and political organization. Introduction to general theories in archaeology. Course Information: Prerequisite(s): ANTH 102 or consent of the instructor.

ANTH 221. Old World Archaeology I. 3 hours.

The evolution of the Old World hunting-gathering cultures to the end of the Pleistocene Age. Course Information: Prerequisite(s): ANTH 102 or consent of the instructor.

ANTH 223. Southwestern Archaeology. 3 hours.

Introduction to the archaeology of ancient Native American cultures of the North American Southwest, emphasizing processes of culture change from earliest times until European contact, with focus on current debates and relevant methods and theories. Course Information: Same as LALS 223. Prerequisite(s): Credit or concurrent registration in ANTH 102; or consent of the instructor.

ANTH 224. Archaeology of Mainland Southeast Asia. 3 hours.

Introduction to the archaeology of mainland Southeast Asia, ranging from the appearance of early peoples to the rise of states such as the Angkorian Khmer Empire. Course Information: Same as GLAS 224. Prerequisite(s): ANTH 101 or ANTH 102; or consent of the instructor.

ANTH 226. Archaeology of North America. 3 hours.

Introduction to the prehistoric cultures of North America from earliest times until the arrival of Europeans. Course Information: Same as LALS 257. Prerequisite(s): ANTH 102 or consent of the instructor.

ANTH 227. Ancient Civilizations of Mexico and Central America. 3 hours.

Analysis and interpretation of the archaeological evidence on the process of development of native civilization in the Meso-American area from the beginnings of agricultural settlement to the eve of the Spanish conquest. Course Information: Same as GEOG 207 and LALS 258. Prerequisite(s): ANTH 102; or sophomore standing or above; or consent of the instructor.

ANTH 228. Ancient Civilizations of South America. 3 hours.

Analysis of the developmental process and social institutions of indigenous civilizations of South America. Emphasis on origins of sedentary life, evolution of cities, and dynamics of the native Andean states. Course Information: Same as LALS 259. Prerequisite(s): ANTH 102; or sophomore standing or above, or consent of the instructor.

ANTH 229. Special Topics in Archaeology. 3 hours.

Covers special topics in archaeology. Course Information: May be repeated. Students may register for more than one section per term. Prerequisite(s): ANTH 102; or consent of the instructor.

ANTH 231. Fossil Humans. 4 hours.

The fossil record as it applies to different interpretations of human evolution; principles of evolutionary biology; survey of the biology and behavior of living primates. Course Information: Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Laboratory and one Lecture.

ANTH 234. Modern Human Variation and Adaptation. 4 hours.

A broad overview of genetic variation and biosocial adaptation in contemporary human groups. Course Information: Prerequisite(s): ANTH 105. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Laboratory and one Lecture-Discussion.

ANTH 235. Biological Bases and Evolution of Human Behavior. 4 hours.

Comparative behavior of human and nonhuman primates; biological bases of primate behavior in terms of general evolutionary trends.

ANTH 237. The Human Skeleton. 4 hours.

Examination of the human skeleton, emphasizing bone identification and functional anatomy. Course Information: Same as BIOS 237. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Laboratory-Discussion and one Lecture.

ANTH 238. Biology of Women. 3 hours.

An evolutionary perspective on the biology of women from conception to menopause, in light of current research on genetics, hormones, and development. Topics include sexual differentiation, sex differences, and life history. Course Information: Same as GWS 238. Prerequisite(s): Grade of C or better in ANTH 105; or consent of the instructor. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Lecture and one Discussion. Individual and Society course, and Natural World - No Lab course.

ANTH 239. Special Topics in Physical Anthropology. 3 hours.

Special topics in Physical Anthropology. Course Information: May be repeated. Students may register for more than one section per term. Prerequisite(s): ANTH 105; or consent of the instructor.

ANTH 243. The Archaeology of Buddhism. 3 hours.

The development, spread, integration, and decline of Buddhism in many parts of Asia. The study of material culture as a way of reconstructing and understanding the religious past. Course Information: Same as RELS 243. Prerequisite(s): ENGL 161.

ANTH 256. European-Indigenous Interaction in Latin America. 3 hours.

Responses of indigenous societies in Latin America to colonization by people from the Old World. The historical and social circumstances of contact and culture change will be covered. Course Information: Same as LALS 256. World Cultures course.

ANTH 272. North American Indians. 3 hours.

Survey of the indigenous culture of North America as viewed through the generations by early explorers, missionaries, nineteenth century ethnologists, and contemporary social scientists.

ANTH 273. Ethnography of Southeast Asia. 3 hours.

Survey of selected cultures of mainland Southeast Asia, with emphasis on cultural ecology, tribal formation, and nationalism. Course Information: Same as GEOG 273. Individual and Society course, and World Cultures course.

ANTH 274. Ethnography of Africa. 3 hours.

A survey of the culture areas of sub-Saharan Africa and the study of societies typical of each area. Individual and Society course, and World Cultures course.

ANTH 275. South American Indians. 3 hours.

Social and cultural practices of the native peoples of the Amazonian tropical forest and the Andes. Course Information: Same as LALS 255. Prerequisite(s): ENGL 161. Individual and Society course, and World Cultures course.

ANTH 276. Pacific Island Cultures. 3 hours.

Polynesian, Micronesian, and Melanesian island societies; their ecosystems and cultures, emphasizing their unity and diversity.

ANTH 277. Ethnography of Meso-America. 3 hours.

Survey of the contemporary indigenous cultures of Meso-America, studied against their pre-conquest history and in their development since the Spanish Conquest. Course Information: Same as LALS 270. Prerequisite(s): ENGL 161. Individual and Society course, and World Cultures course.

ANTH 278. Brazil: A Multi-Ethnic Society. 3 hours.

The diverse political, economic, artistic, and folkloric themes of Brazilian life are traced in such national festivals as Carnaval and Sao Joao, and folk religions such as Candomble. Course Information: Same as LALS 272. Prerequisite(s): ANTH 101; or consent of the instructor. Individual and Society course, and World Cultures course.

ANTH 279. South Asian Cultures and Societies. 3 hours.

Survey of the people and cultures of South Asian Cultures; emphasis on social structure, religion, and recent cultural changes. Course Information: Same as GLAS 279. Individual and Society course, and World Cultures course.

ANTH 281. Ethnography of North Africa and the Middle East. 3 hours.

Anthropological introduction to the peoples and cultures of North Africa and the Middle East. Emphasis on contemporary religious, ethnic, political, and gender issues. Individual and Society course, and World Cultures course.

ANTH 309. Writing Culture. 3 hours.

A survey of genres of anthropological reporting with a critical examination of the process by which observations are transformed into written form as well as continued development of composition skills. Course Information: Prerequisite(s): ANTH 101 and completion of the English composition requirement (or its equivalent); or consent of the instructor.

ANTH 310. An Introduction to the Anthropology of the Body. 3 hours.

Theoretical and methodological approaches to the body as the interface between nature and culture. It considers how culture is embodied, how the body is encultured, and how cultures of perception vary through time and space.

ANTH 311. The Anthropology of Consumption. 3 hours.

The nature, experience, and cultural politics of consumption from historical and cross cultural perspectives paying particular attention to the emergence of consumption as a crucial domain within the culture of capitalism.

ANTH 312. Cross-Cultural and Historical Perspectives of Youth Culture. 3 hours.

The cultural construction of "youth" and "youth culture" through time and around the world. The ways in which age designations are used to naturalize a variety of broader cultural/ideological projects.

ANTH 314. Anthropology of Food. 3 hours.

The culture and politics of food in cross-cultural perspective with an emphasis on holism (the political, social, and environmental vectors of food systems), identity, and social movements. Course Information: Prerequisite(s): ANTH 101.

ANTH 319. Environmental Anthropology. 3 hours.

Analysis of the environment in relation to human technology and global connection divided into three general topics: transformation of the environment, commodification of nature, and politics of the environment. Course Information: Prerequisite(s): ANTH 101; or consent of the instructor. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Lecture and one Discussion.

ANTH 320. Topics in Archaeology. 3 hours.

Readings, study and discussion of selected problems in archaeology. Topics will vary. Course Information: Prerequisite(s): ANTH 102 and successful completion of one archaeology class at the 200 level.

ANTH 324. Angkor and the Khmer Empire. 3 hours.

An investigation of the people, culture, technologies and achievements of the medieval southeast Asian Angkorian Khmer through a combination of archaeological, textual and art historical evidence. Course Information: Prerequisite(s): ENGL 161 and ANTH 102.

ANTH 332. Performance Ethnography. 3 hours.

Students engage performance as a subject and method of study as they investigate the methods and ethics of conducting ethnographic research and creating performance in order to explore how people express, negotiate, and create identity and meaning. Course Information: Same as THTR 332. Field work required. Recommended background: Considerable interest in performance and/or ethnography is important; but no formal performance or ethnography training is required. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Lecture-Discussion and one Practice.

ANTH 335. Topics in Physical Anthropology. 3 hours.

Theoretical and substantive issues in the study of both human and non-human primates as well as hominids, as represented in current journals and topical volumes. Course Information: May be repeated to a maximum of 9 hours. Students may register in more than one section per term. Prerequisite(s): ANTH 105 and one 200-level course in physical anthropology.

ANTH 386. Elements of Spatial Analysis. 3 hours.

Implications of geographic concerns for data gathering and analysis. Spatial sampling and weighting of areal data. Reconciling record and zone inconsistencies when merging data from several sources. Course Information: Same as GEOG 386. Prerequisite(s): Consent of the instructor.

ANTH 390. Honors Research. 3 hours.

Individual study or research projects for students seeking departmental distinction. Course Information: May be repeated to a maximum of 6 hours. Successful completion necessary for "Departmental Distinction" with final paper submitted to three-member honors committee for approval. Prerequisite(s): Junior standing or above, approval of the department, a 3.00 University grade point average, and a 3.50 grade point average in anthropology. Class Schedule Information: This course counts toward the limited number of independent study hours accepted toward the degree and major.

ANTH 394. Topics in Anthropology. 3 hours.

Reading, study and discussion of selected problems in anthropology. Course Information: May be repeated to a maximum of 9 hours. Students may register in more than one section per term. Prerequisite(s): ANTH 101 or consent of the instructor.

ANTH 409. Ancient Maya Writing, Language and Culture. 3 or 4 hours.

Recent trends in Maya epigraphy, information gained from Maya hieroglyphs, linguistics, and historical ethnographies are applied to anthropological analyses of past lifeways. Course Information: Same as LALS 409. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): Junior standing or above; and consent of the instructor.

ANTH 411. Urban Cultural Problems. 3 or 4 hours.

A study of the processes of urbanization and of cultural and social adjustments to the city; illustrated by case studies. Course Information: 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours.

ANTH 415. Foundations in Anthropology and Global Health I. 3 or 4 hours.

Explores the field of cultural medical anthropology and provides a theoretical foundation allowing for understanding and exploration of anthropology's role in international health. Course Information: Same as IPHS 415. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): Grade of B or better in ANTH 216; and junior standing or above; or consent of the instructor.

ANTH 416. Foundations in Anthropology and Global Health II. 3 or 4 hours.

Provides an evolutionary and biocultural approach to human biology, physiology, health and disease. Course Information: Same as IPHS 416. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): Grade of B or better in ANTH 232; and junior standing or above; or consent of the instructor.

ANTH 418. Ethnographic and Qualitative Research Methods. 3 or 4 hours.

Practical introduction to the techniques of social scientists for research in natural social settings: participant observation/non-participant observation, interviewing, use of documentary sources, etc. Course Information: Same as GEOG 418. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): Junior standing or above.

ANTH 420. Seminar in Archaeology and Ethnography. 3 or 4 hours.

Case studies of investigations in archeology using research monographs and other primary sources. Substantive data and related theoretical problems are examined simultaneously. Course Information: 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. May be repeated to a maximum of 15 hours. Prerequisite(s): Junior standing or consent of the instructor.

ANTH 423. Andean Prehistory. 3 or 4 hours.

An overview of the cultural evolution of the Andean region from the arrival of the first inhabitants to the development of the Inca empire. Course Information: Same as LALS 423. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): ANTH 228 or ANTH 269; or consent of the instructor.

ANTH 424. Violence. 3 or 4 hours.

Explores how men and women have experienced violence historically and in modern times. Students examine how violence is perpetrated through words, pictures, physical harm, and silences. Course Information: Same as CLJ 423. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): CLJ 101 and CLJ 200.

ANTH 425. Field Techniques in Archaeology. 4 hours.

Exposure to field methods in archaeology through participation in an actual research project. Students are instructed in field excavation techniques. Usually offered in summer session. Course Information: Same as GEOG 425. May be repeated to a maximum of 8 hours. Prerequisite(s): ANTH 102 or consent of the instructor. Recommended: Concurrent registration in ANTH 426 or GEOG 426. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Lecture and one Practice.

ANTH 426. Laboratory Techniques in Archaeology. 4 hours.

Exposes students to laboratory methods in archaeology through the analysis of excavated materials. Students are instructed in laboratory techniques. Course Information: Same as GEOG 426. May be repeated to a maximum of 8 hours. Prerequisite(s): ANTH 102 or consent of the instructor. Recommended: Concurrent registration in ANTH 425 or GEOG 425. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Laboratory and one Lecture.

ANTH 428. Chiefdoms. 3 or 4 hours.

Focus on traditional non-state, yet complex, societies known as "chiefdoms." Examine the organization and evolution of such societies through a combination of ethnographic, historical and archaeological data. Course Information: 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): ANTH 101 or ANTH 102; or consent of the instructor.

ANTH 429. Archaeological Methods. 3 or 4 hours.

This course will familiarize students with various methodologies used by archaeologists and geo-archaeologists. Course will concentrate on a different method each time it is taught. Course Information: Same as GEOG 429. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. May be repeated up to 2 time(s). Students may register for more than one section per term.

ANTH 432. Mortuary Archaeology. 3 or 4 hours.

Provides a cross-cultural survey of mortuary customs, an overview of general theoretical approaches and a critical analysis in the study of mortuary customs and human remains in archaeological contexts. Course Information: 3 undergraduate hours; 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): Undergraduates only: Grade of C or better in ANTH 237. Recommended background: Undergraduates only: 200-level courses in archaeology and cultural anthropology.

ANTH 436. The Indian Ocean World: Contact, Commerce, Culture. 3 hours.

The movement of people, goods, religious movements and ideas, throughout the Indian Ocean region from earliest times to the colonial era. Course Information: Same as HIST 436 and GLAS 437.

ANTH 437. Bioarchaeology. 5 hours.

Provides an overview of mortuary theory and the bioarchaeological methods used to study health and disease, diet, activity patterns, kinship and cultural practices in archaeological populations. Course Information: Prerequisite(s): Grade of B or better in ANTH 237; and consent of the instructor. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Laboratory and one Lecture-Discussion.

ANTH 438. Reproductive Ecology. 3 or 4 hours.

Utilizes an evolutionary framework to consider both proximate (physiological) and ultimate (evolutionary) explanations for the relationship between female and male reproductive patterns and environmental challenges. Course Information: 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): Grade of B or better in ANTH 238, and graduate or professional standing; or consent of the instructor.

ANTH 453. Seminar in Cultural Ecology. 3 or 4 hours.

Cultural ecology and cultural evolution, emphasizing peasant farming and other subsistence systems. Soil management under shifting and sedentary agriculture. Course Information: Same as GEOG 453. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): ANTH 101 or GEOG 151 or consent of the instructor.

ANTH 454. A Dynamic Human Habitat: Amazonia Past, Present and Future. 3 or 4 hours.

Traces the dynamic interaction of humans and their habitats in Amazonia from prehistory until today, illustrating the co-evolution of its environments and populations. Course Information: 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours.

ANTH 455. Quantitative Methods. 3 or 4 hours.

Introductory statistics course in statistical methods for anthropological problem-solving. Primary emphasis is on univariate and bivariate statistics, such as means standard deviations, correlation, chi square, t-tests, and simple regressions. Course Information: Same as GEOG 455. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Extensive computer use required. Prerequisite(s): Junior standing or above; and consent of the instructor.

ANTH 461. Museum Collecting: Documentation, Registration, and Curation. 4 hours.

Introduction to the collection of anthropological objects for museum curation. Ethics of collecting, standards for documentation, legal aspects of collecting, ethnographic interviewing, registration of objects and archives, curation and housing. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Lecture-Discussion and one Lab-Discusssion.

ANTH 462. Museum Exhibit Research and Design. 4 hours.

Introduction to anthropological museum exhibitions. Issues of representation and cultural politics, museums? roles in the communities they serve, developing a story around objects, and the technical aspects of exhibit design.

ANTH 466. Material Worlds: Topics in Material Culture Studies. 3 or 4 hours.

Examines current theories of material culture, drawn from art history, archaeology and anthropology to reflect on technologies of production and social life of things. Case studies will be drawn from ancient, medieval and modern historical context. Course Information: Same as AH 466 and CL 466. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours.

ANTH 473. Anthropology of Social Movements. 3 or 4 hours.

Examines the causes of social change from the perspective of sociocultural anthropology. An ethnographic approach to political life, how communities describe and enact their experiences as individuals and citizens. Course Information: 3 undergraduate hours; 4 graduate hours.

ANTH 476. Rise and Fall of the Inca Empire. 3 hours.

Using an integration of ethnographic, historical, and archaeological information, this course is designed to provide a thorough introduction to the study of the Incas. Course Information: Prerequisite(s): Sophomore standing or above.

ANTH 477. Remote Sensing of the Environment. 4 hours.

Principles and practices of processing and interpretation of remotely sensed imagery including aerial photographs, radar and multispectral satellite images. Hands-on use of image-processing software. Course Information: Same as GEOG 477. Extensive computer use required. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Laboratory and one Lecture-Discussion.

ANTH 478. Paleoindians and Peopling of the Americas: From Alaska to Tierra del Fuego. 3 or 4 hours.

Summarizes current knowledge of the first migration of humans to the New World, analyzes its significance, and evaluates the controversies. Course Information: 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours.

ANTH 479. Culture and Colonialism in South Asia. 3 or 4 hours.

Examines the emergence of colonial cultures of domination and resistance on the Indian subcontinent from the eighteenth century to 1947. Course Information: Same as GLAS 479 and HIST 479. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours.

ANTH 480. Sociolinguistics. 3 or 4 hours.

Variations in language that correlate with variation in societies and smaller social groups; interactions of languages and societies. Course Information: Same as LING 480. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): LING 405; and junior standing or above; or consent of the instructor.

ANTH 481. Geographic Information Systems I. 4 hours.

Components and performance properties of geographic information systems. Geographic hierarchies and data structures. Problems and solutions in handling large geographic files. Geocoding. Course Information: Same as GEOG 481. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 100 and one from GEOG 278, GEOG 386, IDS 100; or consent of the instructor. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Laboratory and one Lecture-Discussion.

ANTH 482. Geographic Information Systems II. 4 hours.

Application of raster (or grid) based geographic information systems to the spatial analysis of landscapes. Course Information: Same as GEOG 482. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Laboratory and one Lecture.

ANTH 483. Geographic Information Systems III. 4 hours.

Problems encountered in the analysis and portrayal of geographic data. Topics include taxonomy, regionalization, trend surface analysis, time series, markov probabilities, and computer cartographic procedures for displaying output from analytic procedures. Course Information: Same as GEOG 483. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 482 or ANTH 482 or consent of the instructor.

ANTH 490. Independent Study. 1-6 hours.

Independent reading under the supervision of a faculty member. Course Information: May be repeated to a maximum of 8 hours with approval. Students may register in more than one section per term. Prerequisite(s): Junior standing and consent of the instructor. Class Schedule Information: This course counts toward the limited number of independent study hours accepted toward the undergraduate degree and the major.

ANTH 494. Special Topics in Anthropology. 3 or 4 hours.

Reading, study, and discussion of selected problems for graduate students and majors in anthropology. Course Information: 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. May be repeated to a maximum of 12 hours. Students may register in more than one section per term. Prerequisite(s): Junior standing or approval of the department.

ANTH 496. Internship. 1-4 hours.

Professional field experience with an agency or organization in the private or public sector on projects related to the student's area of specialization. Course Information: Same as GEOG 496. May be repeated to a maximum of 8 hours. Only 4 hours of credit may be applied toward the Minor in Geography. Prerequisite(s): Declared major in anthropology, minor in geography or full graduate standing in anthropology or geography and consent of the faculty advisor, head of the department, or the director of internship programs. Class Schedule Information: This course counts toward the limited number of independent study hours accepted toward the degree and the major.

Geography Courses

GEOG 100. Concepts in Geography. 3 hours.

Geographic concepts drawn from the areas of cultural, urban/economic, physical, and regional geography. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Discussion/Recitation and one Lecture. Individual and Society course, and World Cultures course.

GEOG 101. World Regional Geography. 3 hours.

Culture areas of the world; regional patterns of the utilization of resources; global, cultural, economic and political variations. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Discussion/Recitation and one Lecture. Individual and Society course, and World Cultures course.

GEOG 141. Environmental Geography. 3 hours.

Survey of the state of the global environment, the measurement of its condition, and prospects for the future. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Discussion/Recitation and one Lecture. Individual and Society course.

GEOG 151. Introduction to Cultural Geography. 4 hours.

Spatial patterns concerning human origin, divergence and convergence in historical perspective. Special reference to humans and the landscapes they create through their attitudes, objectives and technical skills. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Discussion/Recitation and one Lecture. Individual and Society course, and World Cultures course.

GEOG 161. Introduction to Economic Geography. 3 hours.

With a focus on non-Western cultures and economies, this course examines how factors of production, economic activities, and institutions alter local economies, individual and collective livelihoods and cultural practices. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Lecture and one Discussion. Individual and Society course, and World Cultures course.

GEOG 175. The Making of Maps. 4 hours.

Roles of mapping in selected historical and contemporary human endeavors, including navigation, exploration, governmental activities, resource development and communication. Maps as reflections of need and technology. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Laboratory and one Lecture-Discussion.

GEOG 202. Geography of the United States and Canada. 3 hours.

Environmental conditions, natural resources and cultural patterns within the two countries; focus on the physical landscapes, human occupancy and interregional linkages of selected subareas. Individual and Society course, and US Society course.

GEOG 203. Human Geography of Latin America including the Caribbean Region. 3 hours.

Culture, settlement, political and economic development problems in Latin America, with special attention to Puerto Rico, the Caribbean Region, and Mexico. Course Information: Same as LALS 217. Individual and Society course, and World Cultures course.

GEOG 204. Geography of East, Southeast and South Asia. 3 hours.

Focuses on the cultural, political, and economic expressions of place in Asia and the complex blend of environment and development, ethnicity and policy, and cooperation and disassociation. Course Information: Recommended background: GEOG 100 or GEOG 101.

GEOG 206. Geography of the CIS (formerly the USSR). 3 hours.

Physical and cultural landscapes; regional analysis of resources and economy; the geographic basis of the area's role in world affairs.

GEOG 207. Ancient Civilizations of Mexico and Central America. 3 hours.

Analysis and interpretation of the archaeological evidence on the process of development of native civilization in the Meso-American area from the beginnings of agricultural settlement to the eve of the Spanish conquest. Course Information: Same as ANTH 227, and LALS 258. Prerequisite(s): ANTH 102; or sophomore standing or above; or consent of the instructor.

GEOG 208. Mapping the Urban: Cartography and its Alternatives. 3 hours.

Maps both represent space and influence the spatial imaginary. From traditional cartography to new media, the course will explore the power and possibilities of mapping and ?counter-mapping? as narratives of space, power and social relations. Course Information: Same as US 208. Individual and Society course.

GEOG 211. Chicago: An Urban Geography. 3 hours.

A geographic overview of the Chicago metropolitan region: physical geography, transportation connections, economy, trade territory, and patterns of settlement and land use. Course Information: Field trips are required. Individual and Society course, and US Society course.

GEOG 215. A Global Geography of Cities. 3 hours.

Comparative urbanization. Development and pattern of world urbanization; causes and consequences; spatial articulation of political and economic power in the developed and third worlds. Course Information: Prerequisite(s): GEOG 100 or GEOG 161 or GEOG 211. Individual and Society course, and World Cultures course.

GEOG 241. Resource Problems in the United States. 3 hours.

Problems of U.S. water, air, and land management; resource demand and supply; pollution problems; agencies involved in monitoring resources. Course Information: Prerequisite(s): GEOG 100 or GEOG 101 or GEOG 141 or GEOG 151 or GEOG 161 or consent of the instructor. Individual and Society course, and US Society course.

GEOG 251. Mind and Environment. 3 hours.

How humans perceive and appraise conditions and act spatially in the macroenvironment. Environmental learning and behavior in young children. Ethnogeography and environmental perception.

GEOG 273. Ethnography of Southeast Asia. 3 hours.

Survey of selected cultures of mainland Southeast Asia, with emphasis on cultural ecology, tribal formation, and nationalism. Course Information: Same as ANTH 273. Individual and Society course, and World Cultures course.

GEOG 275. History of Cartography. 3 hours.

Development of cartography from primitive charts to the space age. Major contributions examined as components leading to present technology. Course Information: Prerequisite(s): GEOG 100 or GEOG 175.

GEOG 276. Cartographic Techniques. 4 hours.

Introduction to the practice of cartographic display of areal data. Topics include map characteristics, symbolization, and map preparation. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Laboratory and one Lecture.

GEOG 278. An Applications Approach to Computer Cartography. 4 hours.

Selected problems and practices of cartographic display cast in contexts of advantages and limitations confronting map makers using computers. Course Information: Prerequisite(s): GEOG 175 or declared geography major or consent of the instructor. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Laboratory and one Lecture-Discussion.

GEOG 361. Areal Organization of Economic Activity. 3 hours.

Spatial conditions of economic activity with applications to growth and development of selected geographical areas; transportation impacts on resource exploitation, manufacturing and distribution, and consumers. Course Information: Prerequisite(s): GEOG 100 or GEOG 101; and GEOG 161 or GEOG 241.

GEOG 386. Elements of Spatial Analysis. 3 hours.

Implications of geographic concerns for data gathering and analysis. Spatial sampling and weighting of areal data. Reconciling record and zone inconsistencies when merging data from several sources. Course Information: Same as ANTH 386. Prerequisite(s): Consent of the instructor.

GEOG 395. Special Studies in Geography. 1-3 hours.

Readings and reports in selected fields chosen in consultation with the instructor. Course Information: Prerequisite(s): Consent of the instructor. Class Schedule Information: This course counts toward the limited number of independent study hours accepted toward the degree and the major.

GEOG 399. Undergraduate Thesis. 1-3 hours.

Required for graduation with departmental distinction. Individual research under the supervision of a faculty member. Course Information: Prerequisite(s): A 3.66 grade point average in geography courses counted toward the major, and consent of the adviser. Completed application form must be submitted to the director of undergraduate studies prior to enrollment. Open only to departmental majors. Class Schedule Information: This course counts toward the limited number of independent study hours accepted toward the degree and the major.

GEOG 401. Topics in Regional Geography. 3 or 4 hours.

Geographic analysis of cultural and environmental systems of a political, economic, or climatic region of the world as defined by the instructor. Course Information: 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. May be repeated to a maximum of 6 hours. Prerequisite(s): One upper-division course in each of the areas of skills, systematic and regional/urban geography.

GEOG 418. Ethnographic and Qualitative Research Methods. 3 or 4 hours.

Practical introduction to the techniques of social scientists for research in natural social settings: participant observation/non-participant observation, interviewing, use of documentary sources, etc. Course Information: Same as ANTH 418. 3 undegraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): Junior standing or above.

GEOG 425. Field Techniques in Archaeology. 4 hours.

Exposure to field methods in archaeology through participation in an actual research project. Students are instructed in field excavation techniques. Usually offered in summer session. Course Information: Same as ANTH 425. May be repeated to a maximum of 8 hours. Prerequisite(s): ANTH 102 or consent of the instructor. Recommended: Concurrent registration in ANTH 426 or GEOG 426. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Lecture and one Practice.

GEOG 426. Laboratory Techniques in Archaeology. 4 hours.

Exposes students to laboratory methods in archaeology through the analysis of excavated materials. Students are instructed in laboratory techniques. Course Information: Same as ANTH 426. May be repeated to a maximum of 8 hours. Prerequisite(s): ANTH 102 or consent of the instructor. Recommended: Concurrent registration in ANTH 425 or GEOG 425. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Laboratory and one Lecture.

GEOG 429. Archaeological Methods. 3 or 4 hours.

This course will familiarize students with various methodologies used by archaeologists and geo-archaeologists. Course will concentrate on a different method each time it is taught. Course Information: Same as ANTH 429. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. May be repeated up to 2 time(s). Students may register for more than one section per term.

GEOG 431. Advanced Landform Geography. 3 or 4 hours.

Genesis of surficial landforms and processes that sculpt them. Course Information: 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 131 or EAES 101 or consent of the instructor.

GEOG 441. Topics in Resource Management and Policy. 3 or 4 hours.

Selected topics dealing with environmental problems at local, regional or global levels. Topics vary. Course Information: 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. May be repeated to a maximum of 6 hours. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 341 or GEOG 361 or consent of the instructor.

GEOG 442. Environmental Hazards and Risks. 3 or 4 hours.

Environmental risks of natural and technological hazards; causes and consequences to people; social theories of risks; coping mechanisms used to reduce risk. Course Information: 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 251 or GEOG 441 or consent of the instructor.

GEOG 444. Management of Solid and Hazardous Wastes. 3 hours.

Management of solid and hazardous waste, including radioactive waste: landfills, incineration, recycling, composting, source reduction, groundwater and air pollution impacts, control, regulations, siting, health impacts. Course Information: Same as CME 423, and EOHS 472.

GEOG 453. Seminar in Cultural Ecology. 3 or 4 hours.

Cultural ecology and cultural evolution, emphasizing peasant farming and other subsistence systems. Soil management under shifting and sedentary agriculture. Course Information: Same as ANTH 453. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): ANTH 101 or GEOG 151 or consent of the instructor.

GEOG 455. Quantitative Methods. 3 or 4 hours.

Introductory statistics course in statistical methods for anthropological problem-solving. Primary emphasis is on univariate and bivariate statistics, such as means standard deviations, correlation, chi square, t-tests, and simple regressions. Course Information: Same as ANTH 455. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Extensive computer use required. Prerequisite(s): Junior standing or above; and consent of the instructor.

GEOG 461. Location and Land Use. 3 or 4 hours.

Environmental, demographic, and institutional influences on land availability/use at global/local scales; geographies of production/use intensity; market/governmental controls over land/users. Course Information: 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 361 or consent of the instructor.

GEOG 464. Geographic Modeling of Transportation Systems. 3 or 4 hours.

Discussions of the principles of spatial interaction, emphasizing passenger movements, commodity flows, the practicality of network analysis, and the impact of transportation facilities on land use and regional development. Course Information: 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 100 and GEOG 161.

GEOG 469. Geographic Information Systems for Planning. 3 or 4 hours.

Applications of Geographic Information Systems to urban planning and policy making. Course Information: Same as UPP 461. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): Junior standing or above; and consent of the instructor. Priority registration will be given to students admitted to a campus certificate program in Geospatial Analysis and Visualization, graduate students in Urban Planning and Policy, or students in the Master of Arts in Real Estate program.

GEOG 470. Educational Practice with Seminar I. 6 hours.

The first half of a two-segment sequence of practice teaching, including seminar, to meet certification requirements for teaching in grades six through twelve. Course Information: Graduate credit only with approval of the department. Prerequisite(s): Good academic standing in a teacher education program, completion of 100 clock hours of pre-student-teaching field experiences, and approval of the department. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Lecture-Discussion and one Practice.

GEOG 471. Educational Practice with Seminar II. 6 hours.

The second half of a two-segment sequence of practice teaching, including seminar, to meet certification requirements for teaching in grades six through twelve. Course Information: Graduate credit only with approval of the department. Prerequisite(s): Good academic standing in a teacher education program, completion of 100 clock hours of pre-student-teaching field experiences, credit or concurrent registration in GEOG 470, and approval of the department. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Conference and one Practice.

GEOG 475. Thematic Cartography. 4 hours.

Discussion and projects involving representation of real-world areal patterns; preservation of geodetic, locational and informational relationships; information generalization and reconstruction; computer software, and programs for computer assisted cartography. Course Information: Prerequisite(s): GEOG 276 or GEOG 278 or consent of the instructor. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Laboratory and one Lecture-Discussion.

GEOG 477. Remote Sensing of the Environment. 4 hours.

Principles and practices of processing and interpretation of remotely sensed imagery including aerial photographs, radar and multispectral satellite images. Hands-on use of image-processing software. Course Information: Same as ANTH 477. Extensive computer use required. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Laboratory and one Lecture-Discussion.

GEOG 481. Geographic Information Systems I. 4 hours.

Components and performance properties of geographic information systems. Geographic hierarchies and data structures. Problems and solutions in handling large geographic files. Geocoding. Course Information: Same as ANTH 481. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 100 and one from GEOG 278, GEOG 386, IDS 100; or consent of the instructor. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Laboratory and one Lecture-Discussion.

GEOG 482. Geographic Information Systems II. 4 hours.

Application of raster (or grid) based geographic information systems to the spatial analysis of landscapes. Course Information: Same as ANTH 482. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Laboratory and one Lecture.

GEOG 483. Geographic Information Systems III. 4 hours.

Problems encountered in the analysis and portrayal of geographic data. Topics include taxonomy, regionalization, trend surface analysis, time series, markov probabilities, and computer cartographic procedures for displaying output from analytic procedures. Course Information: Same as ANTH 483. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 482 or ANTH 482 or consent of the instructor.

GEOG 484. Qualitative Methods in Geographic Research. 3 or 4 hours.

Use of qualitative methods in geographic research. Research design choices, data collection and analysis, writing. Applications in environmental and urban geography. Course Information: 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 481 or geography major or minor or consent of instructor.

GEOG 486. Analysis of Geographic Patterns. 4 hours.

Analytical methods for evaluating arrangements of points, lines, and subareas across regions. Development of non-central measures of spatial association as an alternative to correlation analysis. Course Information: Prerequisite(s): GEOG 482 or consent of the instructor. Class Schedule Information: To be properly registered, students must enroll in one Laboratory and one Lecture-Discussion.

GEOG 491. History and Philosophy of Geography. 3 or 4 hours.

The philosophy of geography, its theory and research techniques. Analysis of bibliographic sources; criticism of papers on assigned topics. Course Information: 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): Declared major or minor in geography; or consent of the instructor.

GEOG 496. Internship. 1-4 hours.

Professional field experience with an agency or organization in the private or public sector on projects related to the student's area of specialization. Course Information: Same as ANTH 496. May be repeated to a maximum of 8 hours. Only 4 hours of credit may be applied toward the Minor in Geography. Prerequisite(s): Declared major in anthropology, minor in geography or full graduate standing in anthropology or geography and consent of the faculty advisor, head of the department, or the director of internship programs. Class Schedule Information: This course counts toward the limited number of independent study hours accepted toward the degree and the major.