Juris Doctor (JD)

JD 400. U.S. Trademark Law. 3 hours.

Explores the historical development of trademark law, trademark rights, trademark registration, infringement, special defenses, and unfair competition law. Course Information: Same as IP 400. Previously listed as JD 403/IP 403. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 401. Expert Learning. 1 hour.

Focuses on the transition to law school by introducing lawyering skills, such as critical reading, analytical thinking, learning strategies, and exam-taking. Course Information: Previously listed as JD 521E.

JD 405. Contracts I. 3 hours.

Addresses contract formation including mutual assent (offer and acceptance), consideration, the statute of frauds, reliance, restitution, incapacity, and defenses. Course Information: Previously listed as JD 063.

JD 406. Property. 4 hours.

Covers property concepts including: possession, voluntary transfer, adverse possession, estates in land, future interests, the landlord-tenant relationship, and private land use controls. Course Information: Previously listed as JD 066.

JD 407. Torts. 4 hours.

Explores the principles related to civil liability for personal injuries under theories of intent, negligence, and strict liability. Course Information: Previously listed as JD 073.

JD 409. U.S. Copyright Law. 3 hours.

Explores the historical development of copyright law, creation of copyrights, copyright registration, copyright infringement, special defenses and remedies. Course Information: Same as IP 409 and PTL 409. Previously listed as JD 406/IP 406/ITP 406. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 410. Admiralty Law. 2 hours.

Examines general principles of admiralty and maritime law, including admiralty jurisdiction, carriage of goods, bills of lading, the Jones Act and salvage law. Course Information: Same as IBT 410. Previously listed as JD 712/IBT 712. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 411. Civil Procedure I. 3 hours.

Explores the power of courts over persons and subject matters, supplemental jurisdiction, venue, service, removal, transfer, joinder, and the Erie Doctrine. Course Information: Previously listed as JD 070.

JD 414. Constitutional Law I. 3 hours.

Covers judicial review, separation of powers, and federalism. Course Information: Previously listed as JD 172.

JD 415. Contracts II. 3 hours.

Addresses contract interpretation, the parol evidence rule, performance, breach, legal and equitable remedies, conditions, impracticability and frustration of purpose, and third-party rights. Course Information: Previously listed as JD 064. Prerequisite(s): JD 405.

JD 416. Criminal Law. 3 hours.

Covers crimes against persons, property, and society, inchoate offenses, the principles underlying criminal responsibility, and the purposes and limits of criminal law. Course Information: Previously listed as JD 060.

JD 417. Aviation Law. 2 hours.

Addresses federal aviation law, regulating aviation disasters, liability for injury to persons, rights in air space, conflict of laws, piracy, treaties and jurisdiction. Course Information: Same as IBT 417. Previously listed as JD 253/IBT 747. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 418. International Business Transactions. 3 hours.

Addresses issues of private business enterprises, and investing, producing, and marketing their goods and services in the international marketplace. Course Information: Same as IBT 418. Previously listed as IBT 716/JD 190. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 419. International Trade Law. 3 hours.

Topics include WTO agreements and US law on international trade in goods and services, tariffs, quotas, unfair trade practices, defenses to claims of trade violations. Course Information: Same as IBT 419. Previously listed as IBT 702/JD 084. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 420. Real Estate: Natural Resources Law. 2 hours.

Examines natural resources law as it relates to real estate, including ownership of natural resources, land use and development, conservation efforts, and development. Course Information: Same as RE 420. Previously listed as JD 111/RE 621. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413; and JD 439 or RE 439.

JD 421. Civil Procedure II. 3 hours.

Combines theory and federal rules governing the litigation process, including pleadings, motion practice, discovery, trial procedure, post-trial motions, judgments and appellate review. Course Information: Previously listed as JD 170. Prerequisite(s): JD 411.

JD 423. Professional Responsibility. 3 hours.

Addresses rules of professional conduct, values, and responsibilities of the legal profession, including the attorney-client relationship, confidentiality, conflicts of interest, and malpractice. Course Information: Previously listed as JD 176. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 424. Constitutional Law II. 3 hours.

Covers procedural and substantive due process, equal protection, incorporation of the Bill of Rights, and the First Amendment. Course Information: Previously listed as JD 173. Prerequisite(s): JD 414.

JD 425. Evidence. 4 hours.

Focuses on federal evidence rules and jurisprudence, including relevance, privileges, hearsay, the Confrontation Clause, witness competency, impeachment, opinions, experts, and authentication. Course Information: Previously listed as JD 180. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 426. Real Estate: Environmental Controls and Concerns. 2 hours.

Survey course of federal and state laws related to air, water, solid waste and noise pollution abatement and the impact on land ownership and development. Course Information: Same as RE 426. Previously listed as JD 609/RE 609. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413; and JD 439 or RE 439.

JD 427. Art and Cultural Heritage Law. 3 hours.

Surveys legal concepts affecting the exhibition and sale of art, the movement of art during war, and the preservation of cultural heritage. Course Information: Same as IP 427. Previously listed as JD 229/IP 425. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 428. Intellectual Property in a Digital Environment. 3 hours.

Explores the unique interplay between intellectual property rights and the Internet and other digitized formats, in both the United States and internationally. Course Information: Same as IP 428 and PT 428. Previously listed as JD 178/IP 478/ITP 878/IBT 778. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 429. Business Aspects of Immigration Law. 2 hours.

Explores those aspects of United States immigration law students are likely to encounter in providing services to their international business clients. Course Information: Same as IBT 429. Previously listed as JD 725/IBT 725. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 431. Business franchise Law and Practice. 2 hours.

Provides an introduction to the structure and characteristics of modern business associations, including agency, corporations, partnerships and limited liability corporations (LLC's). Course Information: Same as IP 431. Previously listed as JD 081/IP 418. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 432. U.S. Patent Law. 3 hours.

Explores all aspects of U.S. Patent Law, before and after the America Invents Act of 2011 and includes patent procurement and enforcement topics. Course Information: Same as IP 432. Previously listed as JD 400A/IP 400A. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 434. Entertainment Law. 2 hours.

Addresses legal considerations that affect the publishing, music, recording, live theater, motion picture, and television industries. Course Information: Same as IP 434. Previously listed as IP 419/JD 215. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 438. Intellectual Property Licensing. 3 hours.

Covers implied licenses, express licenses, enforcement of license provisions, title interest in intellectual property, and license transfers. Course Information: Same as IP 438. Previously listed as JD 195/IP 407. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 439. Real Estate: Transactions. 3 hours.

Introduces real estate law in the context of residential transactions, including broker agreements, sales contracts, financing documents, marketable title, insurance, recordation, and warranties/disclosures. Course Information: Same as RE 439. Previously listed as JD 243/RE 643. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 440. Real Estate: Commercial Transactions. 2 hours.

Covers legal, accounting, and business issues relating to acquisition and ownership of commercial real estate. Course Information: Same as RE 440. Previously listed as JD 602/RE 602. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413; and JD 439 or RE 439.

JD 443. Music Copyright and Licensing. 1 hour.

Since music licenses are copyright licenses, applicable copyright laws will be reviewed, as well as the business contexts in which they are relevant. Course Information: Same as IP 443. Previously listed as JD 220/IP 436. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 445. Patent Law: Statutory and Regulatory Fundamentals. 2 hours.

Tracks a patent application for an invention from conception through the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. Course Information: Same as IP 445. Previously listed as JD 199. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 446. Drafting and Negotiating International Business Agreements. 1 hour.

Students learn to negotiate, draft, and consider a range of issues that arise in the creation of international business agreements. Course Information: Same as IBT 446. Previously listed as JD 799AB/IBT 799AB. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 447. Drafting International Business Agreements. 2 hours.

Focuses on drafting international commercial contracts and various clauses in such contracts. Course Information: Same as IBT 447. Previously listed as JD 733/IBT 733. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413; and LAW 422.

JD 448. Publishing Law. 1 hour.

Offers an overview of legal issues that arise in publishing and includes relevant contract, trademark, copyright, right of publicity, and First Amendment law. Course Information: Same as IP 448. Previously listed as JD 267/IP 443. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 449. Patent Office Practice. 3 hours.

Examines proceeding before the U.S.P.T.O, including patent applications, restriction requirements, application and claim rejection, examiner interviews, appeals, certificates of correction, and reissue practice. Course Information: Same as IBT 449 and IP 449. Previously listed as JD 197/IP 402/ IBT 722. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407,and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413; and JD 432 or IP 432.

JD 450. Lawyering Skills IV: Drafting Employee Benefits Law. 3 hours.

Drafting course focuses on the skills needed to create effective documents in the area of employee benefits law. Course Information: Same as EB 450. Previously listed as JD 155/EB 377. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413; and LAW 422, and EB 475.

JD 452. Real Estate: Land Use Control and Zoning. 2 hours.

Covers state and local zoning, government controls, planning, and aspects of plat approval for commercial real estate. Course Information: Same as RE 452. Previously listed as JD 604/RE 604. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413; and JD 439 or RE 439.

JD 454. U.S. Commercial Law. 3 hours.

Surveys U.S. commercial law, including U.S. contract law and U.C.C. subjects: sales transactions, negotiable instruments, and secured transactions. Course Information: Same as IBT 454. Previously listed as JD 715/IBT 715. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416, and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404, and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 456. Real Estate: Construction Law. 2 hours.

Addresses construction contracting, litigation and rights and duties of developers, contractors, subcontractors, design professionals, bonding companies and lenders. Course Information: Same as RE 456. Previously listed as JD 612/RE 612. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413; and JD 439 or RE 439.

JD 457. Right of Publicity and Protection of Personality. 3 hours.

Examines the origin, creation, and protection of publicity and privacy rights in the context of intellectual property issues. Course Information: Same as IP 457. Previously listed as JD 196/IP 423. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 458. Real Estate: Public Finance Law. 2 hours.

Covers real estate based revenue sources such as transfer taxes and special assessments and public entitlements such as TIF and bond financing. Course Information: Same as RE 458. Previously listed as JD 614/RE 614. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413; and JD 439 or RE 439.

JD 459. Real Estate: Drafting and Negotiations Skills Workshop. 2 hours.

Develops skills in negotiations and drafting through role play exercises for documents used in commercial real estate including engagement letters and purchase contracts. Course Information: Same as RE 459. Previously listed as JD 608/RE 608. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413; and JD 439 or RE 439.

JD 460. Survey of Executive Compensation Plans. 2 hours.

Provides an overview of the framework of rules governing nonqualified executive compensation, with primary focus on tax, legal, and financial issues. Course Information: Same as EB 460. Previously listed as JD 224/EB 365. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404 and LAW 412 or LAW 413; and JD 470 or EPL 470 or TX 470.

JD 464. Sports Law. 2 hours.

Explores laws affecting professional sports leagues, players, agents, and college athletes, rights, options, free agency, drafts, negotiations, arbitration, antitrust, and sports as entertainment. Course Information: Same as IP 464. Previously listed as JD 228/IP 426. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416, and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404, and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 468. U.S. Intellectual Property Survey. 3 hours.

Introduces students to legal systems that protect IP (i.e. patent, trademark, copyright, and trade secret law) and competing policies underlying these laws. Course Information: same as IP 468. Previously listed as JD 113/IP 429US. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416, and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404, and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 469. U.S. Trade Secret Law. 3 hours.

Examines trade secrets, the duty of non-disclosure, appropriation, improper means of discovery, employer-employee relationships, limitations of trade secrets law, and remedies. Course Information: Same as IP 469. Previously listed as JD 440/IP 440. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 470. Income Taxation. 3 hours.

Topics include defining gross income and exclusions, assignment of income, personal deductions and exemptions, business deductions, capital gains and losses, and accounting concepts in taxation. Course Information: Same as EPL 470 and TX 470. Previously listed as EPL 445/JD 135/TX 345. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413; or EPL 512 or TX 512.

JD 471. Sustainable International Economic Development. 1 hour.

Examines sustainable development from the perspective of multinational business activity. Course Information: Same as IBT 471. Previously listed as JD 287SE/IBT 799BA. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416, and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404, and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 472. Cyber Crime, Information Warfare and Economic Espionage. 3 hours.

Offers a practitioner's perspective of cybercrimes, information warfare, economic espionage techniques and the criminal justice system’s response. Course Information: Same as IBT 472 and PTL 472. Previously listed as IBT 764/ITP 848/JD 848. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 473. Intellectual Property in Business Organizations. 2 hours.

Examines legal problems faced by businesses that develop and utilize intellectual property as they are founded, financed, expanded, transferred to others, or terminated. Course Information: Same as IP 473. Previously listed as JD 470/IP 470. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 474. Compliance with International Anti-Bribery Conventions. 2 hours.

Introduces international anti-bribery conventions that, in many parts of the world, are revolutionizing how companies conduct their business. Course Information: Same as IBT 474. Previously listed as IBT 729/JD 729. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 475. Employee Benefits Law. 3 hours.

Surveys basic tax, legal, business, labor, employment, and other issues that affect retirement plans, and participants rights under such plans. Course Information: Same as EB 475. Previously listed as EB 360/JD 216. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 477. Intellectual Property in International Business Organizations. 2 hours.

Students will analyze problems encountered as businesses transfer intellectual property (IP) to and from other countries. Course Information: Same as IP 477. Previously listed as JD 485/IP 485. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 478. International Economic Development Law. 2 hours.

Explores international contracting and regulation of foreign involvement in economic development, and development initiatives in the IMF, the World Bank, and the GATT/WTO. Course Information: Same as IBT 478. Previously listed as JD 770/IBT 770. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 479. Employee Benefits Litigation. 2 hours.

Examines the litigation aspects of controversies and claims involving retirement, welfare, and other fringe benefit plans. Course Information: Same as EB 479. Previously listed as EB 358/JD 358. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 480. International Environmental Law. 1 or 2 hour.

Focuses upon problems of protecting the international environment, including the global commons from trans-border pollution and degradation. Course Information: Same as IBT 480. Previously listed as JD 754/IBT 754. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 481. International Trade and Development Law. 1 hour.

Examines how trade can promote development and how to manage trading relationships between rich and poor countries. Course Information: Same as IBT 481. Previously listed as JD 799YA/IBT 799YA. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 482. Compensation Law: Taxation and Other Legal Issues. 3 hours.

Explores how businesses pay compensation to individuals with respect to tax, corporate, securities, employment, and discrimination laws. Course Information: Same as EB 482. Previously listed as JD 144/EB 344. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 486. Intellectual Property in Start-Up Companies. 2 hours.

Examines intellectual property issues related to the legal development of start-up companies, including trade secret issues, venture capitalist funding and public stock offerings. Course Information: Same as IP 486. Previously listed as JD 495/IP 495. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 487. International Employment Law. 1 or 2 hour.

Explores employment law issues that bridge national borders, particularly issues confronting multinational businesses, but also addressing labor unions, expatriates, and immigrants. Course Information: Same as IBT 487. Previously listed as JD 789/IBT 789. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 488. International Joint Ventures. 2 hours.

Topics include joint entity negotiations, document preparation, governance, liability protection, tax planning, antitrust law, dispute resolution, development and technology licensing, exit strategies. Course Information: Same as IBT 488. Previously listed as JD 714/IBT 714. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 489. Real Estate: International Law. 2 hours.

Covers legal issues arising when a foreign person develops/finances real estate in the US or when US person develops/finances foreign real estate. Course Information: Same as IBT 489 and RE 489. Previously listed as JD 615/RE 615/IBT 711. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413; and JD 439 or RE 439.

JD 490. Intellectual Property Management. 2 hours.

Examines legal standards and management techniques for acquiring, using, and avoiding misuse of intellectual property (IP). Course Information: Same as IP 490. Previously listed as IP 475/JD 475. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 492. International Sales and Carriage of Goods. 1 or 2 hour.

Topics include the U.C.C., U.N. Convention on the International Sale of Goods, international distributor and sales agent agreements, export documentation, letters of credit and payments. Course Information: Same as IBT 492. Previously listed as JD 709/IBT 709. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 494. Health Care Reform Under the Affordable Care Act. 3 hours.

This seminar explores global implications of information crossing jurisdictional lines and conflicts of laws and culture regarding protection of information and information privacy. Course Information: Same as EB 494. Previously listed as JD 364/EB 364. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 496. International Secured Transactions. 1 hour.

Explores U.S. UCC Article 9, provisions for extra-territorial application, comparative legal provisions, international secured transactions and international insolvency provisions. Course Information: Same as IBT 496. Previously listed as JD 710/IBT 710. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 497. Real Estate: Litigation. 2 hours.

Covers real estate-related litigation including quiet title, ejectment, eminent domain, partition, foreclosure, mechanic's liens, and brokerage commissions and how transactional attorneys draft remedies. Course Information: Same as RE 497. Previously listed as JD 613/RE 613. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413; and JD or RE 439.

JD 498. Administrative Law. 3 hours.

Topics include administrative procedure, the scope of judicial review of administrative action, and the relationship of administrative agencies to the political branches of government. Course Information: Same as IBT 498 and RE 498. Previously listed as IBT 703/JD 250/RE 650. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 499. Real Estate: Fair Housing and Fair Lending Law. 2 hours.

Surveys federal, state, and local housing and lending discrimination laws, emphasizing the practical aspects of a fair housing case. Course Information: Same as RE 499. Previously listed as JD 088/RE 688. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413; and JD 439 or RE 439.

JD 500. Law and Practice Before the U.S. Court of International Trade. 1 hour.

Exposes students to the unique rules of practice at the United States Court of International Trade. Course Information: Same as IBT 500. Previously listed as JD 706/IBT 706. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 501. Survey of Welfare Plan Issues. 2 hours.

Basic survey course intended to provide fundamental familiarity with welfare benefit plans and their related tax issues. Course Information: Same as EB 501. Previously listed as JD 223/EB 363. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416, and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404, and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 502. U.S. Customs and Import Law. 3 hours.

Topics include import rules and procedures, tariff classification, valuation, free trade agreements, duty preference programs, rules of origin and marking rules. Same as IBT 502. Previously listed as JD 700/IBT 700. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 503. Real Estate: Affordable Housing Law. 2 hours.

Provides in-depth review of laws applicable to providing affordable housing and the skills of structuring, negotiating, drafting and closing an affordable housing development. Course Information: Same as RE 503. Previously listed as JD 610/RE 610. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413; and JD 439 or RE 439.

JD 504. Law and Practice in Trade Compliance. 1 hour.

Provides information from a "corporate compliance" officer's position as it relates to international trade compliance. Course Information: Same as IBT 504. Previously listed as JD 799QA/IBT 799QA. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 505. Legal Ethics in International Practice. 1 or 2 hour.

Explores issues of professional responsibility involving multiple national jurisdictions, from the standpoint of ethical standards applicable to U.S. lawyers. Course Information: Same as IBT 505. Previously listed as JD 749/IBT 749. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 506. Real Estate: Sustainability in Modern Transactions. 2 hours.

Covers issues in green building and sustainability in modern real estate transactions, including advice to clients about risks and risk allocation. Course Information: Same as RE 506. Previously listed as JD 625/RE 625. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413; and JD or RE 439.

JD 507. Multinational Corporations Law. 3 hours.

Topics include joint ventures, approaches to regulating foreign direct investment, expropriations, and codes of conduct for multinational corporations. Course information: Same as IBT 507. Previously listed as JD 730/IBT 730. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 508. U.S. Free Trade Agreements. 2 or 3 hours.

Introduces students to various free trade agreements and the legal structure that supports them. Course Information: Same as IBT 508. Previously listed as JD 766/IBT 766. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416, and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404, and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 509. Real Estate: Energy Law. 2 hours.

Addresses energy law issues, including site selection, transmission and market issues energy efficiency and conservation and renewable energy policy. Course Information: Same as RE 509. Previously listed as JD 624/RE 624. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413; and JD 439 or RE 439.

JD 511. Real Estate: Climate Change Law. 2 hours.

Examines science underlying climate change, the impact and disruptions of climate change and the legal and policy responses. Course Information: Same as RE 511. Previously listed as JD 626CC/RE 626CC. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413; and JD 439 or RE 439.

JD 513. Real Estate: Agricultural Law. 2 hours.

Covers the substantive law and transactional skills needed for selling, buying, leasing and operating land in rural and urban areas used for agriculture. Course Information: Same as RE 513. Previously listed as JD 628/RE 628. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413; and JD 439 or RE 439.

JD 514. International and Comparative Sports Law. 2 hours.

Covers a range of topics including sports governance by national and international institutions, doping and WADA, and the Court of Arbitration for Sport. Course Information: Same as IBT 514. Previously listed as IBT 772/JD 772. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 515. Advanced Legal Research: International Law. 1 hour.

Covers international legal research selected specialty topics (i.e. international trade and investment law; international human rights). Course Information: Same as IBT 515. Previously listed as JD 058IL/IBT 790. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 516. First Amendment Issues in a Digital Age. 2 hours.

Offers a practical perspective on First Amendment laws developed in the print and broadcast media that are now being applied to a technology. Course Information: Same as IBT 516 and PTL 516. Previously listed as IBT 841/IBT 771/JD 841. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 517. Real Estate: The Commercial Real Estate Industry. 2 hours.

Examines how real estate markets function and it introduces financial analysis of real estate for investment purposes. Course Information: Same as RE 517. Previously listed as JD 619/RE 619. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413; and JD 439 or RE 439.

JD 518. Information Law, Policy, and Privacy. 3 hours.

Topics include consumer privacy, protection of health and financial information, privacy implications of emerging technologies, and the government and private sector’s role in protecting information. Course Information: Same as PTL 518. Previously listed as ITP/JD 108. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 519. Homeland Security. 2 hours.

Explores the Department of Homeland Security and applicable laws. It will also address immigration, trade and transportation, privacy and environmental issues. Course Information: Same as IBT 519. Previously listed as IBT 717/JD 717. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 520. JITPL: Comment. 1 or 2 hour.

Students invited to participate in this Honors Program will write a comment or note under supervision of student editors and faculty advisors. Course Information: Same as PTL 520. may be repeated to a maximum of 2 hours. Previously listed as ITP 818/JD 037. Students must qualify and be invited to enroll. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 521. Real Estate: Commercial Leasing. 2 hours.

Course provides an in-depth study of legal and business issues involved in the leasing, ownership and management of various types of commercial real estate properties. Course Information: Same as RE 521. Previously listed as JD 605/RE 605. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413; and JD 439 or RE 439.

JD 522. Technology and the Law. 2 hours.

Examines how technology has influenced law, policy and practice. Course Information: Same as PTL 522. Previously listed as JD 257/ITP 803. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 523. International Commercial Dispute Resolution. 2 hours.

Topics include jurisdiction, international commercial arbitration, investment treaty arbitration, enforcement of foreign judgments and arbitral awards and immunity. Course Information: Same as IBT 523. Previously listed as IBT 720/JD 198. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 524. Real Estate: Alternative Dispute Resolution: Arbitration and Mediation. 2 hours.

Provides a transaction attorney's role in negotiating, drafting, and reviewing ADR provisions in real estate documents. Course Information: Same as RE 524. Previously listed as JD 611/RE 611. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413; and JD 439 or RE 439.

JD 525. Cyberspace Law. 3 hours.

Surveys Internet law, including tort liability, freedom of expression, crime and security, privacy, intellectual property rights, regulation, and jurisdiction. Course Information: Same as IBT 525 and PTL 525. Previously listed as JD 214/ITP 808/IBT 767. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 526. Real Estate: Finance. 2 hours.

Covers financing devices used to acquire, construct and permanently finance commercial real estate. Students will consider rights, remedies and duties. Course Information: Same as RE 526. Previously listed as JD 607/RE 607. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413; and JD 439 or RE 439.

JD 527. Derivatives Law. 2 hours.

Provides students with an introduction to the mechanics and uses of derivatives, as well as their complex and dynamic regulatory and legal landscape. Course Information: Same as IBT 527. Previously listed as JD 777/IBT 777. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 528. Real Estate: Insurance Issues and Law. 2 hours.

Identifies insurance issues relating to acquisition, financing, construction and ownership of commercial real estate. Course Information: Same as RE 528. Previously listed as JD 616/RE 616. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413; and JD 439 or RE 439.

JD 529. European Union Business and Investment Law. 2 or 3 hours.

Explores the nature and structures of the European Union, with particular reference to its substantive law of trade, investment, and economic development. Course Information: Same as IBT 529. Previously listed as JD 760/IBT 760. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 530. Real Estate: Bankruptcy and Insolvency Laws. 2 hours.

Provides in-depth coverage of the impact bankruptcy and insolvency laws have upon real estate development, finance and workouts, rights and remedies. Course Information: Same as RE 530. Previously listed as JD 601/RE 601. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413; and JD 439 or RE 439.

JD 531. Real Estate: Historic Preservation Laws. 2 hours.

Examines federal, state and local preservation laws, 5th Amendment Takings Clause, financing of rehabilitation and public/private land use issues. Course Information: Same as RE 531. Previously listed as JD 132/RE 632. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413; and JD 439 or RE 439.

JD 532. Global Investment Law. 2 hours.

Examines federal and state regulation of foreign investment in U.S. corporations, assets and real property and foreign national regulation of U.S. investment overseas. Course Information: Same as IBT 532. Previously listed as JD 741/IBT 741. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 533. Real Estate: Common Interest Communities Including Condominiums. 2 hours.

Examines laws relating to common ownership interest communities, including condominiums, cooperatives and home owners' associations. Course Information: Same as RE 533. Previously listed as JD 617/RE 617. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413; and JD 439 or RE 439.

JD 534. International Banking and Finance Law. 3 hours.

Topics include letters of credit, banking and bank secrecy regulation and practices, efforts to combat money laundering, and currency regulation. Course Information: Same as IBT 534. Previously listed as IBT 735/JD 735. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 535. Real Estate: Federal Income Taxes. 2 hours.

Provides in-depth analysis of federal income tax aspects of acquiring, owning, operating and disposing of real estate, including corporate and partnership taxation issues. Course Information: Same as RE 535. Previously listed as JD 603/RE 603. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413; and JD 439 or RE 439.

JD 536. International Antitrust Law. 1 or 2 hour.

Explores extraterritorial application of U.S. antitrust law, the "effects" doctrine, international enforcement cooperation, and European Union antitrust enforcement. Course Information: Same as IBT 536. Previously listed as IBT 744/JD 744. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 537. U.S. Export Law. 1-3 hours.

Introduces U.S. export law, conventions, anti-boycott laws, Trading with the Enemy and Foreign Corrupt Practices Acts, and International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR). Course Information: Same as IBT 537. Previously listed as JD 750/IBT 750. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and and JD 480 ; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413; and JD 502 or IBT 502 or JD 419 or IBT 419 or JD 508 or IBT 508.

JD 538. Clinic: Patent Advanced. 1-3 hours.

Students work with small business and individual inventors on patent applications, office actions requests, and draft ex part reexamination requests to challenge patent validity. Course Information: Same as IP 538. May be repeated to a maximum of 10 hours. Previously listed as IP 439ADV/JD 239ADV. JD students may not complete more than 15 combined clinic and extern credit hours. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413; and JD 425 or TADR 457; and TADR 494 and TADR 495.

JD 539. Clinic: Fair Housing Class. 2 hours.

Students work with plaintiffs in housing civil rights matters, including evictions, foreclosures, covenant enforcement actions and other matters raising discrimination issues. Course Information: Same as RE 539. Previously listed as JD 133C/RE 633C. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413. Corequisite(s): JD 541.

JD 540. Clinic: Trademark Class. 2 hours.

Under the supervision of a trademark practitioner, students will conduct trademark searches, write trademark opinion letters, and prosecute trademark applications before the US PTO. Course Information: Same as IP 540. Previously listed as IP 447C/JD 447C. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413. Corequisite(s): JD 544.

JD 541. Clinic: Fair Housing Clinic. 3 hours.

Students work with plaintiffs in housing civil rights matters, including evictions, foreclosures, covenant enforcement actions and other matters raising discrimination issues. Course Information: Same as RE 541. Previously listed as JD 133CLN/RE 633CLN. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413. Corequisite(s): JD 539.

JD 542. Clinic: Trademark Advanced. 1-3 hours.

Students will conduct trademark searches, write trademark opinion letters, and prosecute trademark applications before the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. Course Information: Same as IP 542. May be repeated to a maximum of 10 hours. Previously listed as IP 447/JD 447. JD students may not complete more than 15 combined clinic and extern credit hours. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413; and JD 540 or IP 540; and JD 544 or IP 544.

JD 543. Externship: Real Estate Transactions. 1-3 hours.

Firsthand experience in a transactional practice under the supervision of an experienced attorney. Course Information: Same as RE 543. May be repeated to a maximum of 3 hours. Previously listed as JD 620/RE 620. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413; and JD 540 or IP 540; and JD 544 or IP 544.

JD 544. Clinic: Trademark Clinic. 3 hours.

Under the supervision of a trademark practitioner, students will conduct trademark searches, write trademark opinion letters, and prosecute trademark applications before the US PTO. Course Information: Same as IP 544. Previously listed as IP 447CLN/JD 447CLN. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413. Corequisite(s): JD 540.

JD 545. Externship: Sustainability. 1-3 hours.

Students will work with an experienced attorney in a setting where issues of sustainability or climate change arise. Course Information: Same as RE 545. May be repeated to a maximum of 3 hours. Previously listed as JD 623/RE 623. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413; and JD 439 or RE 439.

JD 546. LSIV: Drafting Information Technology: Representing the Technology Client. 2 hours.

Advanced course explores unique issues presented by technology clients and gives hands-on experience in research techniques and drafting styles common to this practice area. Course information: Same as PTL 546. Previously listed as JD 161/ITP 861. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413; and LAW 422.