Juris Doctor (JD)

JD 400. U.S. Trademark Law. 3 hours.

Explores the historical development of trademark law, trademark rights, trademark registration, infringement, special defenses, and unfair competition law. Course Information: Same as IP 400. Previously listed as JD 403/IP 403. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 401. Expert Learning. 1 hour.

Focuses on the transition to law school by introducing lawyering skills, such as critical reading, analytical thinking, learning strategies, and exam-taking. Course Information: Previously listed as JD 521E.

JD 405. Contracts I. 3 hours.

Addresses contract formation including mutual assent (offer and acceptance), consideration, the statute of frauds, reliance, restitution, incapacity, and defenses. Course Information: Previously listed as JD 063.

JD 406. Property. 4 hours.

Covers property concepts including: possession, voluntary transfer, adverse possession, estates in land, future interests, the landlord-tenant relationship, and private land use controls. Course Information: Previously listed as JD 066.

JD 407. Torts. 4 hours.

Explores the principles related to civil liability for personal injuries under theories of intent, negligence, and strict liability. Course Information: Previously listed as JD 073.

JD 409. U.S. Copyright Law. 3 hours.

Explores the historical development of copyright law, creation of copyrights, copyright registration, copyright infringement, special defenses and remedies. Course Information: Same as IP 409 and PTL 409. Previously listed as JD 406/IP 406/ITP 406. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 410. Admiralty Law. 2 hours.

Examines general principles of admiralty and maritime law, including admiralty jurisdiction, carriage of goods, bills of lading, the Jones Act and salvage law. Course Information: Same as IBT 410. Previously listed as JD 712/IBT 712. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 411. Civil Procedure I. 3 hours.

Explores the power of courts over persons and subject matters, supplemental jurisdiction, venue, service, removal, transfer, joinder, and the Erie Doctrine. Course Information: Previously listed as JD 070.

JD 414. Constitutional Law I. 3 hours.

Covers judicial review, separation of powers, and federalism. Course Information: Previously listed as JD 172.

JD 415. Contracts II. 3 hours.

Addresses contract interpretation, the parol evidence rule, performance, breach, legal and equitable remedies, conditions, impracticability and frustration of purpose, and third-party rights. Course Information: Previously listed as JD 064. Prerequisite(s): JD 405.

JD 416. Criminal Law. 3 hours.

Covers crimes against persons, property, and society, inchoate offenses, the principles underlying criminal responsibility, and the purposes and limits of criminal law. Course Information: Previously listed as JD 060.

JD 417. Aviation Law. 2 hours.

Addresses federal aviation law, regulating aviation disasters, liability for injury to persons, rights in air space, conflict of laws, piracy, treaties and jurisdiction. Course Information: Same as IBT 417. Previously listed as JD 253/IBT 747. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 418. International Business Transactions. 3 hours.

Addresses issues of private business enterprises, and investing, producing, and marketing their goods and services in the international marketplace. Course Information: Same as IBT 418. Previously listed as IBT 716/JD 190. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 419. International Trade Law. 3 hours.

Topics include WTO agreements and US law on international trade in goods and services, tariffs, quotas, unfair trade practices, defenses to claims of trade violations. Course Information: Same as IBT 419. Previously listed as IBT 702/JD 084. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 420. Real Estate: Natural Resources Law. 2 hours.

JD 421. Civil Procedure II. 3 hours.

Combines theory and federal rules governing the litigation process, including pleadings, motion practice, discovery, trial procedure, post-trial motions, judgments and appellate review. Course Information: Previously listed as JD 170. Prerequisite(s): JD 411.

JD 423. Professional Responsibility. 3 hours.

Addresses rules of professional conduct, values, and responsibilities of the legal profession, including the attorney-client relationship, confidentiality, conflicts of interest, and malpractice. Course Information: Previously listed as JD 176. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 424. Constitutional Law II. 3 hours.

Covers procedural and substantive due process, equal protection, incorporation of the Bill of Rights, and the First Amendment. Course Information: Previously listed as JD 173. Prerequisite(s): JD 414.

JD 425. Evidence. 4 hours.

Focuses on federal evidence rules and jurisprudence, including relevance, privileges, hearsay, the Confrontation Clause, witness competency, impeachment, opinions, experts, and authentication. Course Information: Previously listed as JD 180. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 426. Real Estate: Environmental Controls and Concerns. 2 hours.

Survey course of federal and state laws related to air, water, solid waste and noise pollution abatement and the impact on land ownership and development. Course Information: Same as RE 426. Previously listed as JD 609/RE 609. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413; and JD 439 or RE 439.

JD 427. Art and Cultural Heritage Law. 3 hours.

Surveys legal concepts affecting the exhibition and sale of art, the movement of art during war, and the preservation of cultural heritage. Course Information: Same as IP 427. Previously listed as JD 229/IP 425. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 428. Intellectual Property in a Digital Environment. 3 hours.

JD 429. Business Aspects of Immigration Law. 2 hours.

Explores those aspects of United States immigration law students are likely to encounter in providing services to their international business clients. Course Information: Same as IBT 429. Previously listed as JD 725/IBT 725. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 431. Business franchise Law and Practice. 2 hours.

Provides an introduction to the structure and characteristics of modern business associations, including agency, corporations, partnerships and limited liability corporations (LLC's). Course Information: Same as IP 431. Previously listed as JD 081/IP 418. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 432. U.S. Patent Law. 3 hours.

Explores all aspects of U.S. Patent Law, before and after the America Invents Act of 2011 and includes patent procurement and enforcement topics. Course Information: Same as IP 432. Previously listed as JD 400A/IP 400A. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 433. Music Copyright and Licensing. 1 hour.

JD 434. Entertainment Law. 2 hours.

Addresses legal considerations that affect the publishing, music, recording, live theater, motion picture, and television industries. Course Information: Same as IP 434. Previously listed as IP 419/JD 215. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 438. Intellectual Property Licensing. 3 hours.

JD 439. Real Estate: Transactions. 3 hours.

Introduces real estate law in the context of residential transactions, including broker agreements, sales contracts, financing documents, marketable title, insurance, recordation, and warranties/disclosures. Course Information: Same as RE 439. Previously listed as JD 243/RE 643. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 440. Real Estate: Commercial Transactions. 2 hours.

Covers legal, accounting, and business issues relating to acquisition and ownership of commercial real estate. Course Information: Same as RE 440. Previously listed as JD 602/RE 602. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413; and JD 439 or RE 439.

JD 443. Music Copyright and Licensing. 1 hour.

JD 445. Patent Law: Statutory and Regulatory Fundamentals. 2 hours.

JD 446. Drafting and Negotiating International Business Agreements. 1 hour.

Students learn to negotiate, draft, and consider a range of issues that arise in the creation of international business agreements. Course Information: Same as IBT 446. Previously listed as JD 799AB/IBT 799AB. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 447. Drafting International Business Agreements. 2 hours.

Focuses on drafting international commercial contracts and various clauses in such contracts. Course Information: Same as IBT 447. Previously listed as JD 733/IBT 733. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413; and LAW 422.

JD 448. Publishing Law. 1 hour.

JD 449. Patent Office Practice. 3 hours.

JD 450. Lawyering Skills IV: Drafting Employee Benefits Law. 3 hours.

JD 452. Real Estate: Land Use Control and Zoning. 2 hours.

Covers state and local zoning, government controls, planning, and aspects of plat approval for commercial real estate. Course Information: Same as RE 452. Previously listed as JD 604/RE 604. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413; and JD 439 or RE 439.

JD 454. U.S. Commercial Law. 3 hours.

JD 456. Real Estate: Construction Law. 2 hours.

Addresses construction contracting, litigation and rights and duties of developers, contractors, subcontractors, design professionals, bonding companies and lenders. Course Information: Same as RE 456. Previously listed as JD 612/RE 612. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413; and JD 439 or RE 439.

JD 457. Right of Publicity and Protection of Personality. 3 hours.

JD 458. Real Estate: Public Finance Law. 2 hours.

JD 459. Real Estate: Drafting and Negotiations Skills Workshop. 2 hours.

Develops skills in negotiations and drafting through role play exercises for documents used in commercial real estate including engagement letters and purchase contracts. Course Information: Same as RE 459. Previously listed as JD 608/RE 608. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 460. Survey of Executive Compensation Plans. 2 hours.

Provides an overview of the framework of rules governing nonqualified executive compensation, with primary focus on tax, legal, and financial issues. Course Information: Same as EB 460. Previously listed as JD 224/EB 365. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404 and LAW 412 or LAW 413; and JD 470 or EPL 470 or TX 470.

JD 464. Sports Law. 2 hours.

JD 468. U.S. Intellectual Property Survey. 3 hours.

JD 469. U.S. Trade Secret Law. 3 hours.

Examines trade secrets, the duty of non-disclosure, appropriation, improper means of discovery, employer-employee relationships, limitations of trade secrets law, and remedies. Course Information: Same as IP 469. Previously listed as JD 440/IP 440. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 470. Income Taxation. 3 hours.

Topics include defining gross income and exclusions, assignment of income, personal deductions and exemptions, business deductions, capital gains and losses, and accounting concepts in taxation. Course Information: Same as EPL 470 and TX 470. Previously listed as EPL 445/JD 135/TX 345. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413; or EPL 512 or TX 512.

JD 471. Sustainable International Economic Development. 1 hour.

JD 472. Cyber Crime, Information Warfare and Economic Espionage. 3 hours.

Offers a practitioner's perspective of cybercrimes, information warfare, economic espionage techniques and the criminal justice system’s response. Course Information: Same as IBT 472 and PTL 472. Previously listed as IBT 764/ITP 848/JD 848. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 473. Intellectual Property in Business Organizations. 2 hours.

JD 474. Compliance with International Anti-Bribery Conventions. 2 hours.

Introduces international anti-bribery conventions that, in many parts of the world, are revolutionizing how companies conduct their business. Course Information: Same as IBT 474. Previously listed as IBT 729/JD 729. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 475. Employee Benefits Law. 3 hours.

Surveys basic tax, legal, business, labor, employment, and other issues that affect retirement plans, and participants rights under such plans. Course Information: Same as EB 475. Previously listed as EB 360/JD 216. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 477. Intellectual Property in International Business Organizations. 2 hours.

JD 478. International Economic Development Law. 2 hours.

JD 479. Employee Benefits Litigation. 2 hours.

Examines the litigation aspects of controversies and claims involving retirement, welfare, and other fringe benefit plans. Course Information: Same as EB 479. Previously listed as EB 358/JD 358. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 480. International Environmental Law. 1-2 hours.

JD 481. International Trade and Development Law. 1 hour.

JD 482. Compensation Law: Taxation and Other Legal Issues. 3 hours.

Explores how businesses pay compensation to individuals with respect to tax, corporate, securities, employment, and discrimination laws. Course Information: Same as EB 482. Previously listed as JD 144/EB 344. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 486. Intellectual Property in Start-Up Companies. 2 hours.

JD 487. International Employment Law. 1-2 hours.

JD 488. International Joint Ventures. 2 hours.

JD 489. Real Estate: International Law. 2 hours.

JD 490. Intellectual Property Management. 2 hours.

Examines legal standards and management techniques for acquiring, using, and avoiding misuse of intellectual property (IP). Course Information: Same as IP 490. Previously listed as IP 475/JD 475. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 492. International Sales and Carriage of Goods. 1-2 hours.

JD 494. Health Care Reform Under the Affordable Care Act. 2 hours.

This seminar explores global implications of information crossing jurisdictional lines and conflicts of laws and culture regarding protection of information and information privacy. Course Information: Same as EB 494. Previously listed as JD 364/EB 364. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 496. International Secured Transactions. 1 hour.

JD 497. Real Estate: Litigation. 2 hours.

JD 498. Administrative Law. 3 hours.

Topics include administrative procedure, the scope of judicial review of administrative action, and the relationship of administrative agencies to the political branches of government. Course Information: Same as IBT 498 and RE 498. Previously listed as IBT 703/JD 250/RE 650. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 499. Real Estate: Fair Housing and Fair Lending Law. 2 hours.

JD 500. Law and Practice Before the U.S. Court of International Trade. 1 hour.

JD 501. Survey of Welfare Plan Issues. 2 hours.

JD 502. U.S. Customs and Import Law. 3 hours.

Topics include import rules and procedures, tariff classification, valuation, free trade agreements, duty preference programs, rules of origin and marking rules. Same as IBT 502. Previously listed as JD 700/IBT 700. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 503. Real Estate: Affordable Housing Law. 2 hours.

JD 504. Law and Practice in Trade Compliance. 1 hour.

JD 505. Legal Ethics in International Practice. 1-2 hours.

JD 506. Real Estate: Sustainability in Modern Transactions. 2 hours.

JD 507. Multinational Corporations Law. 3 hours.

JD 508. U.S. Free Trade Agreements. 2-3 hours.

JD 509. Real Estate: Energy Law. 2 hours.

JD 511. Real Estate: Climate Change Law. 2 hours.

JD 513. Real Estate: Agricultural Law. 2 hours.

JD 514. International and Comparative Sports Law. 2 hours.

Covers a range of topics including sports governance by national and international institutions, doping and WADA, and the Court of Arbitration for Sport. Course Information: Same as IBT 514. Previously listed as IBT 772/JD 772. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 515. Advanced Legal Research: International Law. 1 hour.

Covers international legal research selected specialty topics (i.e. international trade and investment law; international human rights). Course Information: Same as IBT 515. Previously listed as JD 058IL/IBT 790. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 516. First Amendment Issues in a Digital Age. 2 hours.

Offers a practical perspective on First Amendment laws developed in the print and broadcast media that are now being applied to a technology. Course Information: Same as IBT 516 and PTL 516. Previously listed as IBT 841/IBT 771/JD 841. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 517. Real Estate: The Commercial Real Estate Industry. 2 hours.

JD 518. Information Law, Policy, and Privacy. 3 hours.

Topics include consumer privacy, protection of health and financial information, privacy implications of emerging technologies, and the government and private sector’s role in protecting information. Course Information: Same as PTL 518. Previously listed as ITP/JD 108. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 519. Homeland Security. 2 hours.

Explores the Department of Homeland Security and applicable laws. It will also address immigration, trade and transportation, privacy and environmental issues. Course Information: Same as IBT 519. Previously listed as IBT 717/JD 717. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 520. JITPL: Comment. 1 or 2 hour.

Students invited to participate in this Honors Program will write a comment or note under supervision of student editors and faculty advisors. Course Information: Same as PTL 520. may be repeated to a maximum of 2 hours. Previously listed as ITP 818/JD 037. Students must qualify and be invited to enroll. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 521. Real Estate: Commercial Leasing. 2 hours.

JD 522. Technology and the Law. 2 hours.

Examines how technology has influenced law, policy and practice. Course Information: Same as PTL 522. Previously listed as JD 257/ITP 803. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 523. International Commercial Dispute Resolution. 2 hours.

Topics include jurisdiction, international commercial arbitration, investment treaty arbitration, enforcement of foreign judgments and arbitral awards and immunity. Course Information: Same as IBT 523. Previously listed as IBT 720/JD 198. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 524. Real Estate: Alternative Dispute Resolution: Arbitration and Mediation. 2 hours.

JD 525. Cyberspace Law. 3 hours.

Surveys Internet law, including tort liability, freedom of expression, crime and security, privacy, intellectual property rights, regulation, and jurisdiction. Course Information: Same as IBT 525 and PTL 525. Previously listed as JD 214/ITP 808/IBT 767. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 526. Real Estate: Finance. 2 hours.

JD 527. Derivatives Law. 2 hours.

Provides students with an introduction to the mechanics and uses of derivatives, as well as their complex and dynamic regulatory and legal landscape. Course Information: Same as IBT 527. Previously listed as JD 777/IBT 777. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 528. Real Estate: Insurance Issues and Law. 2 hours.

JD 529. European Union Business and Investment Law. 2 or 3 hours.

Explores the nature and structures of the European Union, with particular reference to its substantive law of trade, investment, and economic development. Course Information: Same as IBT 529. Previously listed as JD 760/IBT 760. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 530. Real Estate: Bankruptcy and Insolvency Laws. 2 hours.

Provides in-depth coverage of the impact bankruptcy and insolvency laws have upon real estate development, finance and workouts, rights and remedies. Course Information: Same as RE 530. Previously listed as JD 601/RE 601. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413; and JD 439 or RE 439.

JD 531. Real Estate: Historic Preservation Laws. 2 hours.

JD 532. Global Investment Law. 2 hours.

Examines federal and state regulation of foreign investment in U.S. corporations, assets and real property and foreign national regulation of U.S. investment overseas. Course Information: Same as IBT 532. Previously listed as JD 741/IBT 741. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 533. Real Estate: Common Interest Communities Including Condominiums. 2 hours.

JD 534. International Banking and Finance Law. 3 hours.

Topics include letters of credit, banking and bank secrecy regulation and practices, efforts to combat money laundering, and currency regulation. Course Information: Same as IBT 534. Previously listed as IBT 735/JD 735. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 535. Real Estate: Federal Income Taxes. 2 hours.

JD 536. International Antitrust Law. 1 or 2 hour.

Explores extraterritorial application of U.S. antitrust law, the "effects" doctrine, international enforcement cooperation, and European Union antitrust enforcement. Course Information: Same as IBT 536. Previously listed as IBT 744/JD 744. Prerequisite(s): JD 401, and JD 405, and JD 406, and JD 407, and JD 411, and JD 414, and JD 415, and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413.

JD 537. U.S. Export Law. 1-3 hours.

JD 538. Clinic: Patent Advanced. 1-3 hours.

Students work with small businesses and individual inventors on patent applications, office action responses, and draft ex parte reexamination requests to challenge patent validity. Course Information: Same as IP 538. May be repeated to a maximum of 3 hours. Previously listed as IP 439ADV/JD 239ADV. JD students may not complete more than 15 combined clinic and extern credit hours (including no more than 6 externship credit hours). Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413; and JD 425 or TADR 457; and TADR 494 and TADR 495.

JD 539. Clinic: Fair Housing Class. 2 hours.

Students work with plaintiffs in housing civil rights matters, including evictions, foreclosures, covenant enforcement actions and other matters raising discrimination issues. Course Information: Same as RE 539. Previously listed as JD 133C/RE 633C. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413. Corerequisite(s): JD 541 or RE 541.

JD 540. Clinic: Trademark Class. 2 hours.

Under the supervision of a trademark practitioner, students will conduct trademark searches, write trademark opinion letters, and prosecute trademark applications before the US PTO. Course Information: Same as IP 540. Previously listed as IP 447C/JD 447C. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413; and JD 544 or IP 544. Corequisite(s): IP 544 or JD 544.

JD 541. Clinic: Fair Housing Clinic. 3 hours.

Students work with plaintiffs in housing civil rights matters, including evictions, foreclosures, covenant enforcement actions and other matters raising discrimination issues. Course Information: Same as RE 541. Previously listed as JD 133CLN/RE 633CLN. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413. Corequisite(s): JD 539 or RE 539.

JD 542. Clinic: Trademark Advanced. 1-3 hours.

Under the supervision of a trademark practitioner, students will conduct trademark searches, write trademark opinion letters, and prosecute trademark applications before the US PTO. Course Information: Same as IP 542. May be repeated to a maximum of 3 hours. Previously listed as IP 447/JD 447. JD students may not complete more than 15 combined clinic and extern credit hours (including no more than 6 externship credit hours). Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413; and JD 540 or IP 540; and JD 544 or IP 544.

JD 543. Externship: Real Estate Transactions. 1-3 hours.

Firsthand experience in a transactional practice under the supervision of an experienced attorney. Course Information: Same as RE 543. May be repeated to a maximum of 3 hours. Previously listed as JD 620/RE 620. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413; and JD 540 or IP 540; and JD 544 or IP 544.

JD 544. Clinic: Trademark Clinic. 3 hours.

Under the supervision of a trademark practitioner, students will conduct trademark searches, write trademark opinion letters, and prosecute trademark applications before the US PTO. Course Information: Same as IP 544. Previously listed as IP 447CLN/JD 447CLN. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413. Corequisite(s): IP 540 or JD 540.

JD 545. Externship: Sustainability. 1-3 hours.

Students will work with an experienced attorney in a setting where issues of sustainability or climate change arise. Course Information: Same as RE 545. May be repeated to a maximum of 3 hours. Previously listed as JD 623/RE 623. Prerequisite(s): JD 401 and JD 405 and JD 406 and JD 407 and JD 411 and JD 414 and JD 415 and JD 416; and LAW 402 or LAW 403 or LAW 404; and LAW 412 or LAW 413; and JD 439 or RE 439.

JD 546. LSIV: Drafting Information Technology: Representing the Technology Client. 2 hours.